Tryphon (Person, Concept)

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Preferred Label
Tryphon (en), Diodote Tryphon (fr), Diodoto Trifón (es), Diodoto Trifone (it), Diodotos Tryphon (de), Διόδοτος Τρύφων (el)Additional labels
Alternate Label
Tryphon (en)


Tryphon ("Magnificent") was the pseudonym taken by the Seleucid commander Diodotus after he calimed the kingship at the death of Antiochus VI (c. 142 BC). He ruled in opposition to both Demetrius II and Antiochus VII between c. 142 and 138 BC. His authority was not recognized in Babylon, but he held Antioch and Apamea in Syria, as well as much of Phoenicia and Coele Syria. In 143/2. He struck heavy blows against both the Jews of Judaea and the generals of Demetrius II. However, in 138 BC, Antiochus VII drove him out of Syria and hounded him through Phoenicia. Tryphon was besieged first at Dora and then at Apamea before he was captured and killed in 138/7 BC.

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