Nomisma Ontology

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Classes

CoinWear

Collection

Context

Definition
The archaeological context of a numismatic object.

Controlmark

Definition
A control mark is a letter, symbol or an inscription on a coin intended to distinguish a group of coins within an issue or series.

Corrosion

Definition
Degradation to a numismatic object due to chemical reaction with its environment.

Countermark

Definition
A mark or symbol punched into a coin at some point during its time in circulation.

Denomination

DepositionType

Definition
The circumstances under which an object or group of objects came to be deposited and part of the archaeological record, for example as a hoard, votive deposit or chance loss.

DieWear

Definition
Wear on a die occurring as a result of its use.

DiscoveryType

Definition
The circumstances under which an object or group of objects came to be discovered, for example as a chance stray find or a controlled excavation.

Ethnic

FieldOfNumismatics

Find

Definition
A numismatic object or group of numismatic objects that was lost or deposited, whether intentionally or unintentionally, in previous times, and subsequently recovered. The recovery takes place independently of any intention of retrieval associated with the original deposition.

Manufacture

Material

Mint

Mintmark

Definition
A mint mark is a letter, symbol or an inscription on a coin indicating the mint where the coin was produced.

Monogram

Definition
A monogram is a symbol made by overlapping or combining of letters or other graphemes.

NumismaticObject

Definition
The physical objects that are of interest in the numismatic domain.

NumismaticTerm

Definition
A term used within the field of numismatics to describe or to otherwise convey information specific to the numismatic discipline, or to numismatic objects.

ObjectType

Peculiarity

Definition
A feature of a numismatic object that is not part of the original design.

PeculiarityOfProduction

Definition
Anomalies or unusual features which are related to the process of production of a coin; for example serratus, plating, doublestrike, etc.

ReferenceWork

Region

SecondaryTreatment

Definition
Anomalies or unusual features which arise subsequent to the actual production of a coin; for example halving, chop-marking, etc.

Shape

Definition
The possible shapes numismatic objects might have, could be standard like round or rectangular or even a polygon.

TypeSeries

TypeSeriesItem

Wear

WeightStandard

Properties

hasAppearance

Definition
Describes the appearance of a numismatic object. Eg. Iconography, legends and physical characteristics.

hasAuthority

Definition
Identifies the authority in whose name (explicitly or implicitly) a numismatic object was issued. Eg. Charlemagne, Augustus, Sparta, Federal Republic of Germany, Bank of England

hasAxis

Definition
Describes the directional relationship between the obverse and reverse of a numismatic object.

hasBearsDate

Definition
Describes a date that appears on an object

hasCollection

Definition
Identifies the modern collection or repository in which a coin resides or has resided in the past. Collections are defined by Nomisma IDs

hasContext

Definition
Describes the context of a numismatic object.

hasControlmark

Definition
Identifies a letter, symbol or an inscription on an object intended to distinguish it as part of a group of coins within an issue or series.

hasCorrosion

Definition
Describes degradation due to chemical reaction with an environment, commonly in terms prescribed by "Abnutzung und Korrosion: Bestimmmungstafeln zur Bearbeitung von Fundmünzen = Usure et corrosion. (1995). Lausanne." (OCLC 174260520)

hasCountermark

Definition
Identifies a mark or symbol punched into an object at some point during its time in circulation.

hasDate

Definition
Describes date (range) assigned in a numismatic context.

hasDenomination

Definition
Describes the monetary value assigned to an object within a denominational system. Examples: tetradrachm, chalkous, denarius.

hasDepth

Definition
Describes the depth of an object.

hasDiameter

Definition
Describes diameter of an object.

hasDie

Definition
Describes the die from which a numismatic object has been produced.

hasEdge

Definition
Describes characteristics of the edge of a numismatic object.

hasEndDate

Definition
Identifies the final date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.

hasFace

Definition
Identifies a particular face of a numismatic object. Where possible and appropriate, the more specific properties hasObverse or hasReverse are preferred.

hasFindType

Definition
Describes the nature of and archaeological or other find. E.g. hoard, ritual deposit, single find, find in survey.

hasFindspot

Definition
Describes the location of the discovery of an object, whether by accident or in archaeological excavation.

hasHeight

Definition
Describes the height of a numismatic object.

hasIconography

Definition
Describes an iconography placed on a numismatic object.

hasIssuer

Definition
Identifies the person administratively responsible for the issue of a numismatic object, generally named in some capacity on the object.

hasLegend

Definition
Describes the inscription or printing placed on a numismatic object as part of the production process.

hasManufacture

Definition
Describes the method of manufacture of a numismatic object. Eg. struck, cast, printed

hasMaterial

Definition
Describes the physical material from which a numismatic object is made.

hasMaxDepth

Definition
Describes the maximum depth of a numismatic object.

hasMaxDiameter

Definition
Describes the maximum diameter of a numismatic object.

hasMaxHeight

Definition
Describes the maximum height of a numismatic object.

hasMaxWidth

Definition
Describes the maximum width of a numismatic object.

hasMinDepth

Definition
Describes the minimum depth of a numismatic object.

hasMinDiameter

Definition
Describes the minimum diameter of a numismatic object.

hasMinHeight

Definition
Describes the minimum height of a numismatic object.

hasMinWidth

Definition
Describes the minimum width of a numismatic object.

hasMint

Definition
Identifies the place of manufacture or issue of a numismatic object.

hasMintmark

Definition
Identifies the letter, symbol or an inscription on a numismatic object indicating the mint where it was produced.

hasMonogram

Definition
Identifies the monogram that appears on a numismatic object.

hasObjectType

Definition
Identifies the type of numismatic object. E.g. Coin, token, banknote.

hasObverse

Definition
Identifies a particular face of a numismatic object. Normally it will be the face carrying the represenation, badge or inscription of the issuing authority. In ancient, hand-struck coinage it is generally the lower (anvil) die. In English often known as "heads".

hasPeculiarity

Definition
Describes a feature of an individual numismatic object that marks it out from other objects of the same type. Can a result of production, such as plating, or post-production activity, such as piercing, cutting or mounting.

hasPeculiarityOfProduction

Definition
Describes anomalies or unusual features which are related to the process of production of a numismatic object; for example serratus, plating, doublestrike, etc.

hasPortrait

Definition
Identifies the person whose portrait appears on a numismatic object.

hasProductionDate

Definition
Describes the date (range) of the production of a numismatic object.

hasProductionObject

hasReferenceWork

Definition
Specifies a published work of reference relevant to a numismatic object.

hasReverse

Definition
Identifies a the face of a numismatic object opposed to the obverse. In ancient, hand-struck coinage it is generally the upper die. In English often known as "tails".

hasSecondaryTreatment

Definition
Describes anomalies or unusual features which arise subsequent to the actual production of a coin; for example halving, chop-marking, etc.

hasShape

Definition
Describes the shape of a numismatic object.

hasStartDate

Definition
Identifies the initial date in a range assigned in a numismatic context.

hasStatedAuthority

Definition
The authority as stated on a numismatic object. This may, but need not, be the same as the real authority behind the object (expressed separately as hasAuthority).

hasTypeSeriesItem

Definition
Identifies the position of a numismatic object within a published or recognized reference list of coin types, such as a catalogue or corpus.

hasWear

Definition
Describes wear visible on a numismatic object due to use or circulation, commonly in terms prescribed by "Abnutzung und Korrosion: Bestimmmungstafeln zur Bearbeitung von Fundmünzen = Usure et corrosion. (1995). Lausanne." (OCLC 174260520)

hasWeight

Definition
Describes the actual weight of a numismatic object.

hasWeightStandard

Definition
Describes the conventional weight system according to which a numismatic object of intrinsic value was produced.

hasWidth

Definition
Describes the width of a numismatic object.

representsObjectType

Definition
To indicate what kind of object type is represented by (for example) an type series item (a coin, banknote, token, ...).