Sinjar (Arabic: سنجار, Sinjar; Latin: Singara), also known as Shingal (Sorani Kurdish: شەنگال, Şengal; Classical Syriac: ܫܝܓܳܪ, Shiggor) and formerly Sanjár, is a town in Sinjar District, Nineveh Province, Iraq near Mount Sinjar. It is close to the border with Syrian Kurdistan. Its population in 2013 was estimated at 88,023. The town is mainly inhabited by Yazidis with Arab and Assyrian minorities.
Ahmad ibn Buya (Persian: احمد بن بویه), after 945 better known by his laqab of Mu'izz al-Dawla (Arabic: المعز الدولة الحمداني, "Fortifier of the Dynasty"), was the first of the Buyid emirs of Iraq, ruling from 945 until his death.
Ifriqiya or Ifriqiyah (Arabic: إفريقية Ifrīqīya) or al-Maghrib al-Adna (Lower West) was the name of that area during medieval history that comprises what is todayTunisia, Tripolitania (western Libya) and the Constantinois (eastern Algeria); all part of what was previously included in the Africa Province of the Roman Empire.
The study of the coins, other numismatic items and numismatic history of the Ancient Greek World. At its broadest, this encompasses the numismatic productions of
the Mediterranean world prior to the rise of Roman power, including such areas as Gaul, Britain, and Spain. It is appropriate to include the coinages of Greek cities under the empire in
the study of Greek numismatics, though more recent scholarship emphasizes the imperial context of this material.
Seville (/səˈvɪl/, Spanish: Sevilla [seˈβiʎa] ( listen), locally: [seˈβiʝa]) is the capital and largest city of the autonomous community of Andalusia and the province of Seville, Spain. It is situated on the plain of the River Guadalquivir. The inhabitants of the city are known as sevillanos (feminine form: sevillanas) or hispalenses, after the Roman name of the city, Hispalis. Seville has a municipal population of about 703,000 as of 2011, and a metropolitan population of about 1.5 million, making it the fourth-largest city in Spain and the 30th most populous municipality in the European Union. Its Old Town, the third largest in Europe with an area of 4 square kilometres (2 sq mi), contains three UNESCO World Heritage Sites: the Alcázar palace complex, the Cathedral and the General Archive of the Indies. The Seville harbour, located about 80 kilometres (50 miles) from the Atlantic Ocean, is the only river port in Spain. Seville is also the hottest major metropolitan area in Europe, with summer average high temperatures of above 35 °C.
The eldest son of Nikolaus Longerich, Johann Adam was sworn in as Mintmaster for the Cologne Circle, Germany, on 22 October 1700 and held this position until his resignation on 6 November 1705. He was then Mintmaster in Jülich-Berg and Dortmund. Longerich was also the Mint Warden for the Lower Rhine-Westphalian Circle, as noted in the Protocols of 1700, 1705 and 1712, and mintmaster in Düsseldorf, 1707 and 1708. His mintmark was IAL. Lit.: Alfred Noss, Die Münzen der Städte Köln und Neuss: 1474-1794 (1926) pp. 47-49, 266, 275; Wolfgang Scheffler, Goldschmiede Rheinland-Westfalens - Aachen - Köln (1973) n. 1680, p. 584; F. W. A. Schlickeysen, Reinhold Pallmann - W. Spemann, Erklaerung der Abkuerzungen auf Muenzen der neueren Zeit, des Mittelalters und des Alterthums (1896) p. 222.
Abd al-Rahman I, or, his full name by patronymic record, Abd al-Rahman ibn Mu'awiya ibn Hisham ibn Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan was the founder of a Muslim dynasty that ruled the greater part of Iberiafor nearly three centuries.
Mintmaster in Bonn, a city in Germany, from 1739 to about 1776, in which year he is thought to have died, with monogram I K. Kohlaas was the son-in-law of Hittorff's widow. Lit.: Alfred Noss, Die Münzen der Erzbischöfe von Köln 1547-1794 (1925) pp. 350, 353, 415.