- Themistocles (Greek: Θεμιστοκλῆς Greek pronunciation: [tʰemistoklɛ̂ːs] Themistoklẽs; "Glory of the Law"; c. 524–459 BC) was
an Athenian politician and general. He was one of a new breed of non-aristocratic politicians who rose to prominence in the
early years of the Athenian democracy. After the Persian Wars Themistocles fled from Greece. Alexander I of Macedon (r. 498–454
BC) temporarily gave him sanctuary at Pydna before he traveled to Asia Minor, where he entered the service of the Persian
king Artaxerxes I (reigned 465–424 BC). He was made governor of Magnesia, and lived there for the rest of his life.