Medieval Denarius (Denomination, Concept)

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Preferred Label
Medieval Denarius (en), Pfennig (de)
Alternate Label
Penny (en)
Alternate Label
Denier (fr)


Term to describe the main silver coin in medieval European currency systems. First introduced in the Merovingian kingdom around AD 670 and reformed both under Pepin the Short and Charlemagne. Variously named as penny, Pfennig, denaro or denier. Not to be confused with neither the denarius of the Roman Republican and Imperial periods, nor modern period (silver or copper) coins.

Data Provenance