Demetrius III Philopator (Person, Concept)

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Preferred Label
Demetrius III Philopator (en), Démétrios III (fr), Demetrio III Eucarios (es), Demetrio III (it), Demetrios III. (de), Δημήτριος Γ' Εύκαιρος (el)Additional labels
Alternate Label
Demetrius III (en)


Demetrius III Philopator Soter ("Father-loving Savior"), nicknamed Eucaerus ("the Well-timed"), was the twenty-first king of the Seleucid Empire, ruling in Damascus from 97/6 to 88/7 BC. A brother of Seleucus VI, Antiochus XI, and Philip I, Demetrius III was installed in Damascus by Ptolemy IX as a means of denying the city to both Antiochus IX and the Nabatean Arabs. He fought an unsuccessful war against the Hasmonean Jewish king, Alexander Jannaeus, but made inroads into northern Syria. In 88 BC, Demetrius III besieged Philip I, in Beroea. The siege was abruptly lifted when Demetrius was captured by Philip's Parthian allies. He died in captivity shortly thereafter.

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