Antiochus XII Dionysus (Person, Concept)

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Preferred Label
Antiochus XII Dionysus (en), Antiochos XII (fr), Antíoco XII Dioniso (es), Antioco XII (it), Antiochos XII. (de), Αντίοχος ΙΒ' Διόνυσος (el)Additional labels
Alternate Label
Antiochus XII of Syria (en)


Antiochus XII Dionysus Epiphanes Philopator Callinicus ("Dionysus Manifest, Father-loving, Nobly-victorious") was the twenty-second king of the Seleucid Empire, reigning from 87/6 to 83/2 BC. A brother of Seleucus VI, Demetrius III, Antiochus XI, and Philip I, Antiochus XII succeeded Demetrius III at Damascus after Demetrius III was carried off by the Parthians. He made no attempt to expand his power into northern Syria, but concentrated his energies on wars against the Nabataen Arabs and the Jewish priest-king, Alexander Jannaeus. Antiochus XII was killed while campaigning against the Nabataeans in 83/2 BC and his army left to die of hunger in the desert wasteland around the Dead Sea. Aretas III, the Nabataean king, was subsequently invited to rule Damascus.

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