Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (Person, Concept)

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Preferred Label
Antiochus IX Cyzicenus (en), Antiochos IX (fr), Antíoco IX Eusebio (es), Antioco IX (it), Antiochos IX. (de), Αντίοχος Θ΄ Κυζικηνός (el)Additional labels
Alternate Label
Antiochus IX Eusebes of Syria (en)


Antiochus IX Eusebes Philopator ("Pious, Father-loving"), nicknamed Cyzicenus ("the Cyzicene" after Cyzicus, a city in Asia Minor where he had been raised), was the seventeenth king of the Seleucid Empire, ruling between 114/3 and 95 BC. Although he managed to expel his half-brother, the reigning Antiochus VIII, in 114/3 BC, Antiochus IX gradually lost ground over the years that followed until he retained only a handful of cities in Cilicia, Phoenicia, and Coele Syria in 109 BC. When Antiochus VIII was assassinated in 96 BC, Antiochus IX siezed his former territory. In 95 BC, Seleucus VI, an avenging son of Antiochus VIII, invaded Syria and killed him.

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