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8101 to 8200 of 8319 total results.

Vitellia

Definition
The young daughter of the emperor Vitellius, depicted on issues of Vitellius alongside her young brother.
Type
Person, Concept

Vespasian

Definition
Vespasian (Latin: Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 17 November AD 9 – 23 June AD 79) was Roman emperor from AD 69 to AD 79. Vespasian founded the Flavian dynasty that ruled the Empire for twenty-seven years.
Type
Person, Concept

Domitilla the Elder

Definition
Flavia Domitilla Major, Flavia Domitilla the Elder or Domitilla the Elder (died before 69, perhaps c. 65) was the wife of the Roman Emperor Vespasian. She was the mother of Domitilla the Younger and of the emperors Titus and Domitian.
Type
Person, Concept

Trajan

Definition
Trajan (Latin: Imperator Caesar Nerva Traianus Divi Nervae filius Augustus; 18 September 53 – 8 August 117 AD) was Roman emperor from 98 to 117 AD.
Type
Person, Concept

Titus

Definition
Titus (Latin: Titus Flāvius Caesar Vespasiānus Augustus; 30 December 39 AD – 13 September 81 AD) was Roman emperor from 79 to 81. A member of the Flavian dynasty, Titus succeeded his father Vespasian upon his death, thus becoming the first Roman Emperor to come to the throne after his own biological father.
Type
Person, Concept

Domitia

Definition
Domitia Longina (c. AD 53-55–c. AD 126-130) was an Empress of Rome and wife to the Roman Emperor Domitian. She was the youngest daughter of the general and consul Gnaeus Domitius Corbulo. She became Empress of Rome upon Domitian's accession in 81, and remained so until his assassination in 96.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Titi

Definition
Flavia Julia Titi (13 September 64 – 91) was the daughter of the Emperor Titus from his second marriage to Marcia Furnilla. She became the mistress of the Emperor Domitian.
Type
Person, Concept

Domitian

Definition
Domitian was the Emperor of Rome from 81 to 96. He was the younger brother of Titus and son of Vespasian, his two predecessors on the throne, and the last member of the Flavian dynasty.
Type
Person, Concept

Nerva

Definition
Nerva was Roman Emperor from 96 to 98. Nerva became Emperor at the age of sixty-five, after a lifetime of imperial service under Nero and the rulers of the Flavian dynasty.
Type
Person, Concept

Aulus Vitellius Germanicus

Definition
The young son of the emperor Vitellius, accorded the title of 'Germanicus' after his father's victory in AD 69 over Otho, and depicted on issues of Vitellius. alongside his young sister.
Type
Person, Concept

Antoninus Pius

Definition
Roman emperor from 11 July 138 to 7 March 161
Type
Person, Concept

Hadrian

Definition
Roman Emperor from 10 August 117 to 10 July 138.
Type
Person, Concept

Antinous

Definition
Antinous was a Greek youth from Bithynia and a favourite and lover of the Roman emperor Hadrian. Following his premature death before his 20th birthday, Antinous was deified on Hadrian's orders, being worshipped in both the Greek East and Latin West, sometimes as a god and sometimes merely as a hero.
Type
Person, Concept

Lucius Aelius

Definition
Lucius Aelius Caesar (January 13, 101 – January 1, 138) became the adopted son and intended successor, of Roman Emperor Hadrian (January 24, 76 AD – July 10, 138 AD), but never attained the throne. Aelius was born with the name Lucius Ceionius Commodus, and later called Lucius Aelius Caesar.
Type
Person, Concept

Sabina

Definition
Vibia Sabina (83–136/137) was a Roman Empress, wife and second cousin, once removed, to Roman Emperor Hadrian. She was the daughter to Salonina Matidia (niece of Roman Emperor Trajan), and Lucius Vibius Sabinus. In 128, she was awarded the title of Augusta. She died before Hadrian, some time in 136 or early 137, and was deified.
Type
Person, Concept

Marcus Ulpius Traianus

Definition
Marcus Ulpius Traianus Maior (c. 30 – before 100) was a Roman senator. He was father of the Roman Emperor Trajan.
Type
Person, Concept

Marciana

Definition
Ulpia Marciana (August 15 and 30 48 – 112/114) was the elder sister of Roman Emperor Trajan. She was the eldest child born to the Spanish Roman senator Marcus Ulpius Traianus and his wife Marcia.
Type
Person, Concept

Matidia

Definition
Salonina Matidia (4 July 68 – 23 December 119) was the daughter of Ulpia Marciana and Gaius Salonius Matidius Patruinus. She was the niece of the Emperor Trajan. Her daughter Vibia Sabina married the Emperor Hadrian. Matidia died in AD 119 and was deified by Hadrian.
Type
Person, Concept

Plotina

Definition
Pompeia Plotina Claudia Phoebe Piso (d. 121/122) was a Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Trajan. When Plotina died, c. 121/122, she was deified.
Type
Person, Concept

Marcus Aurelius

Definition
Roman emperor from 7 March 161 to 17 March 180.
Type
Person, Concept

Didius Julianus

Definition
Roman emperor from 28 March 193 – 1 June 193.
Type
Person, Concept

Lucius Verus

Definition
Roman emperor from 8 March 161 – 169.
Type
Person, Concept

Faustina the Elder

Definition
Annia Galeria Faustina, more familiarly referred to as Faustina I or Faustina the Elder; born on September 21, in about 100; died in October or November of 140), was Roman Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Antoninus Pius.
Type
Person, Concept

Commodus

Definition
Roman emperor from 31 August 177 – 31 December 192.
Type
Person, Concept

Faustina the Younger

Definition
Annia Galeria Faustina Minor, Faustina Minor or Faustina the Younger (16 February between 125 and 130 – 175) was a daughter of Antoninus Pius and Faustina the Elder. She was Empress and wife to her cousin Marcus Aurelius.
Type
Person, Concept

Pertinax

Definition
Roman emperor from 1 January 193 – 28 March 193.
Type
Person, Concept

Manlia Scantilla

Definition
Manlia Scantilla (fl. 193) was Roman Empress as wife to the Roman Emperor Didius Julianus. She was the mother of Didia Clara.
Type
Person, Concept

Crispina

Definition
Bruttia Crispina (164 – 191 AD) was Roman Empress from 178 to 191 as wife of Commodus. They had no children.
Type
Person, Concept

Geta

Definition
Geta was Roman emperor with his father Septimius Severus and older brother Caracalla from 209, when he was named Augustus like his brother, who had held the title since 198. Severus died in 211, and although he intended for his sons to rule together, they proved incapable of sharing power, culminating with the murder of Geta in December of that year.
Type
Person, Concept

Septimius Severus

Definition
Roman emperor from 14 April 193 – 4 February 211.
Type
Person, Concept

Pescennius Niger

Definition
Gaius Pescennius Niger was Roman Emperor from 193 to 194 during the Year of the Five Emperors. He claimed the imperial throne in response to the murder of Pertinax and the elevation of Didius Julianus, but was defeated by a rival claimant, Septimius Severus, and killed while attempting to flee from Antioch.
Type
Person, Concept

Caracalla

Definition
Caracalla, formally known as Antoninus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus), was Roman emperor from 198 to 217. He was a member of the Severan dynasty, the elder son of Septimius Severus and Julia Domna.
Type
Person, Concept

Clodius Albinus

Definition
Decimus Clodius Albinus (c. 150 – 19 February 197) was a Roman general, senator and usurper who claimed the imperial title several times between 193 and 197.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Domna

Definition
Julia Domna (160 AD –217 AD) was a member of the Severan dynasty of the Roman Empire. Empress and wife of Roman Emperor Lucius Septimius Severus and mother of Emperors Geta and Caracalla, Julia was among the most important women ever to exercise power behind the throne in the Roman Empire.
Type
Person, Concept

Didia Clara

Definition
Didia Clara (born about 153) was a daughter and only child to the Roman Emperor Didius Julianus and Empress Manlia Scantilla.
Type
Person, Concept

Macrinus

Definition
Macrinus was Roman Emperor from April 217 to 8 June 218. He reigned jointly with his young son Diadumenianus. Macrinus was by origin a Berber from Mauretania Caesariensis.
Type
Person, Concept

Plautilla

Definition
Publia Fulvia Plautilla, Fulvia Plautilla or Plautilla (c. 185/around 188/189 - early 212) was the only wife of the Roman emperor Caracalla, who was her paternal second cousin. After her father was condemned for treason, she was exiled and eventually killed on Caracalla's orders.
Type
Person, Concept

Severus Alexander

Definition
Severus Alexander (Marcus Aurelius Severus Alexander) was Roman emperor from 222 to 235, and the last from the Severan dynasty.
Type
Person, Concept

Diadumenian

Definition
Diadumenian (Marcus Opellius Antoninus Diadumenianus; 14/19 September 208 – 218), was briefly Roman Emperor from May to June 218. He was born to Macrinus, his father, of which he was co-emperor, and Nonia Celsa, whose name may be fictitious, on 14 September 208.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Soaemias

Definition
Julia Soaemias Bassiana (180 – March 11, 222) was a Syrian noblewoman and the mother of Roman emperor Elagabalus, who ruled over the Roman Empire from 218 to 222.
Type
Person, Concept

Elagabalus

Definition
Elagabalus (Marcus Aurelius Antoninus Augustus, ca. 203 – 11 March 222), also known as Heliogabalus, was Roman Emperor from 218 to 222.
Type
Person, Concept

Sallustia Orbiana

Definition
Gnaea Seia Herennia Sallustia Barbia Orbiana (fl. 220s), usually known as Sallustia Orbiana, was a third century Roman empress, with the title of Augusta as the wife of Severus Alexander from AD 225 to 227.
Type
Person, Concept

Anna Faustina

Definition
Annia Aurelia Faustina (c. AD 201 – c. AD 222) was an Anatolian Roman noblewoman. She was briefly married to the Roman emperor Elagabalus in 221 and thus a Roman empress. She was Elagabalus' third wife.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Maesa

Definition
Sister of Julia Domna. Grandmother to Elagabalus and Severus Alexander.
Type
Person, Concept

Aquilia Severa

Definition
Iulia Aquilia Severa (d. after 222) was the second and fourth wife of Emperor Elagabalus.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Paula

Definition
Julia Cornelia Paula or Julia Paula was a distinguished Roman noblewoman who became Empress of Rome as the first wife of the Roman emperor Elagabalus.
Type
Person, Concept

Maximinus Thrax

Definition
Maximinus Thrax ("the Thracian") or Maximinus I (Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus; c. 173 – May 238) was Roman emperor from 235 to 238.
Type
Person, Concept

Pupienus

Definition
Pupienus (Marcus Clodius Pupienus Maximus; born c. 165/170 – 29 July 238) was Roman emperor with Balbinus for three months in 238, during the Year of the Six Emperors.
Type
Person, Concept

Julia Mamaea

Definition
Julia Avita Mamaea (14 or 29 August after 180–235) was the second daughter of Julia Maesa, a powerful Roman woman of Syrian origin, and Syrian noble Gaius Julius Avitus Alexianus. She was a niece of empress Julia Domna; emperor Lucius Septimius Severus and sister of Julia Soaemias Bassiana. She was born and raised in Emesa (modern Homs, Syria).
Type
Person, Concept

Gordian I

Definition
Gordian I (Latin: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus; c. 159 AD – 12 April 238 AD) was Roman Emperor for 21 days with his son Gordian II in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors.
Type
Person, Concept

Maximus

Definition
Gaius Julius Verus Maximus (217/220 – April 238), also incorrectly called Gaius Julius Verus Maximinus or Maximinus the Younger was the son of the Roman Emperor Maximinus Thrax and his wife, Caecilia Paulina.
Type
Person, Concept

Sponsianus

Definition
Issuer of coins known only from barbarous aurei that may not be genuine. Inclusion in nomisma is warranted by the presence of the name in RIC 4.
Type
Person, Concept

Balbinus

Definition
Balbinus (Decimus Caelius Calvinus Balbinus; died 29 July 238) was Roman emperor with Pupienus for three months in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors.
Type
Person, Concept

Caecilla Paulina

Definition
Wife of the Emperor Maximinus Thrax.
Type
Person, Concept

Uranius Antoninus

Definition
Uranius is the name of a Roman usurper cited by Zosimus, and active during the reigns of Elagabalus or Alexander Severus.
Type
Person, Concept

Philip the Arab

Definition
Philip the Arab (Latin: Marcus Julius Philippus Augustus; c. 204 – 249), also known as Philip or Philippus Arabs, was Roman Emperor from 244 to 249. He came from Syria and rose to become a major figure in the Roman Empire. He achieved power after the death of Gordian III, quickly negotiating peace with the Sassanid Empire. During his reign, Rome celebrated its millennium.
Type
Person, Concept

Gordian III

Definition
Gordian III (Latin: Marcus Antonius Gordianus; 20 January 225 – 11 February 244 AD) was Roman emperor from AD 238 to 244. At the age of 13, he became the youngest sole legal Roman emperor throughout the existence of the united Roman Empire. Gordian was the son of Antonia Gordiana and an unknown Roman Senator who died before 238. Antonia Gordiana was the daughter of Emperor Gordian I and younger sister of Emperor Gordian II.
Type
Person, Concept

Philip II

Definition
Marcus Julius Philippus Severus, also known as Philippus II, Philip II and Philip the Younger (238–249) was the son and heir of the Roman Emperor Philip the Arab by his wife Roman Empress Marcia Otacilia Severa.
Type
Person, Concept

Gordian II

Definition
Gordian II (Latin: Marcus Antonius Gordianus Sempronianus Romanus Africanus; c. 192 – 12 April 238) was Roman Emperor for 21 days with his father Gordian I in 238, the Year of the Six Emperors.
Type
Person, Concept

Jotapianus

Definition
Marcus F. Ru. Jotapianus (died c. 249) or Jotapian, also known as Iotapianus or Iotapian, was a usurper in the eastern provinces of the Roman Empire during the reign of Emperor Philip the Arab, around 249.
Type
Person, Concept

Otacilia Severa

Definition
Marcia Otacilia Severa or Otacilia Severa was the Empress of Rome and wife of Emperor Marcus Julius Philippus or Philip the Arab, who reigned over the Roman Empire from 244 to 249.
Type
Person, Concept

Mar. Silbannacus

Definition
Mar. Silbannacus was a usurper in the Roman Empire during the time of Philip the Arab (244-249), or between the fall of Aemilianus and the rise to power of Valerian I (253).
Type
Person, Concept

Sabinia Tranquillina

Definition
Furia Sabinia Tranquillina (c. 225 – aft. 244) was the Empress of Rome and wife of Emperor Gordian III.
Type
Person, Concept

Pacatianus

Definition
Usurper during 248-249, during the reign of Philip I.
Type
Person, Concept

Trebonianus Gallus

Definition
Trebonianus Gallus (Latin: Gaius Vibius Afinius Trebonianus Gallus Augustus; 206 – August 253), also known as Gallus, was Roman Emperor from 251 to 253, in a joint rule with his son Volusianus.
Type
Person, Concept

Trajan Decius

Definition
Trajan Decius (Latin: Gaius Messius Quintus Decius Augustus; ca. 201 – June 251), was Roman Emperor from 249 to 251. In the last year of his reign, he co-ruled with his son Herennius Etruscus until they were both killed in the Battle of Abrittus.
Type
Person, Concept

Herennius Etruscus

Definition
Herennius Etruscus (Quintus Herennius Etruscus Messius Decius; c. 227 – June 251) was Roman emperor in 251, ruling jointly with his father Decius.
Type
Person, Concept

Aemilian

Definition
Marcus Aemilius Aemilianus Augustus (c. 207/213 – 253), also known as Aemilian, was Roman Emperor for three months in AD 253.
Type
Person, Concept

Hostilian

Definition
Hostilian (Latin: Gaius Valens Hostilianus Messius Quintus; died November 251) was Roman emperor from July to November 251. Hostilian was born to Decius and Herennia Etruscilla at an unknown date and elevated to Caesar in May 251 by Decius, the same month as his older brother, Herennius Etruscus, was raised to co-emperor.
Type
Person, Concept

Volusian

Definition
Volusianus (Gaius Vibius Volusianus Augustus; died August 253), also known as Volusian, was a Roman Emperor from 251 to 253 with his father, Trebonianus Gallus.
Type
Person, Concept

Valerian

Definition
Valerian (Latin: Publius Licinius Valerianus Augustus; 193/195/200 – 260 or 264), also known as Valerian the Elder, was Roman Emperor from 253 to 260. He was taken captive by Persian king Shapur I after the Battle of Edessa, becoming the only Roman Emperor who was captured as a prisoner of war, causing instability in the Empire.
Type
Person, Concept

Herennia Etruscilla

Definition
Herennia Cupressenia Etruscilla was an Augusta and later regent of the Roman Empire, married to Emperor Decius, and mother of Emperors Herennius Etruscus and Hostilian.
Type
Person, Concept

Egnatia Mariniana

Definition
Possibly a wife of the Emperor Valerian I attested by coins in the name of a "Diva Mariniana".
Type
Person, Concept

Gallienus

Definition
Gallienus (Publius Licinius Egnatius Gallienus; c. 218 – September 268) was Roman emperor with his father Valerian from 22 October 253 to spring 260 and alone from spring 260 to September 268.
Type
Person, Concept

Macrianus Minor

Definition
Titus Fulvius Iunius Macrianus (died 261), also known as Macrianus Minor, was a Roman usurper. He was the son of Fulvius Macrianus, also known as Macrianus Major. He reigned with his brother, Quietus.
Type
Person, Concept

Saloninus

Definition
Publius Licinius Cornelius Saloninus Valerianus (c. 242 – 260) was Roman Emperor in 259 or 260. He was the son of Gallienus.
Type
Person, Concept

Cornelia Salonina

Definition
Julia Cornelia Salonina (died 268, Mediolanum) was an Augusta of the Roman Empire, married to Roman Emperor Gallienus and mother of Valerian II, Saloninus, and Marinianus.
Type
Person, Concept

Quietus

Definition
Titus Fulvius Junius Quietus (died 261) was a Roman usurper against Roman Emperor Gallienus, with his brother Macrianus Minor.
Type
Person, Concept

Regalianus

Definition
Briefly claimed the office of Emperor in 260.
Type
Person, Concept

Dryantilla

Definition
Sulpicia Dryantilla was the wife of the briefly reigning usurper Regalianus.
Type
Person, Concept

Valerian II

Definition
Publius Licinius Cornelius Valerianus (died 257 or 258), also known as Valerian II, was the eldest son of Roman Emperor Gallienus and Augusta Cornelia Salonina who was of Greek origin and grandson of the Emperor Valerian who was of a noble and traditional senatorial family.
Type
Person, Concept

Quintus Julius Gallienus

Definition
The youngest son of the Roman emperor, Gallienus
Type
Person, Concept

Claudius II Gothicus

Definition
Claudius II (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Valerius Claudius Augustus; May 10, 213 – January 270), commonly known as Claudius Gothicus, was Roman Emperor from 268 to 270. During his reign he fought successfully against the Alamanni and scored a crushing victory against the Goths at the Battle of Naissus. He died after succumbing to a smallpox plague that ravaged the provinces of the Empire.
Type
Person, Concept

Zenobia

Definition
Queen of Palmyra. Self proclaimed Augusta AD 272.
Type
Person, Concept

Tetricus I

Definition
Gaius Pius Esuvius Tetricus was Emperor of the Gallic Empire (Imperium Galliarum) from 271 to 274, following the murder of Victorinus. Tetricus, who ruled with his son, Tetricus II, was the last of the Gallic emperors following his surrender to the Roman emperor Aurelian.
Type
Person, Concept

Quintillus

Definition
Quintillus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Claudius Quintillus Augustus; c. 220 – April 270), commonly known as Quintillus, was Roman Emperor for less than a year in 270.
Type
Person, Concept

Postumus

Definition
Marcus Cassianius Latinius Postumus was a Roman emperor of Batavian origin. He usurped power from Gallienus in 260 and formed the so-called Gallic Empire. He was recognised in Gaul, Germania, Britannia and Iberia until his murder in 269.
Type
Person, Concept

Vabalathus

Definition
The Roman emperor Vabalathus. Son of Septimius Odaenathus and Zenobia.
Type
Person, Concept

Victorinus

Definition
Marcus Piavonius Victorinus was emperor of the secessionist Gallic Empire from 269 to 271, following the brief reign of Marius. He was murdered by a jealous husband whose wife he tried to seduce.
Type
Person, Concept

Marius

Definition
Marius is the second emperor of the so-called "Gallic Empire".
Type
Person, Concept

Aureolus

Definition
Manius Acilius Aureolus (died 268) was a Roman military commander and would-be usurper.
Type
Person, Concept

Aurelian

Definition
Aurelian (Lucius Domitius Aurelianus) was Roman emperor from 270 to 275. His reign featured an unprecedented series of military victories which reunited the Roman Empire after it had practically disintegrated under the pressure of barbarian invasions and internal revolts. His successes were instrumental in ending the Roman Crisis of the Third Century, earning him the title Restitutor Orbis – "Restorer of the World".
Type
Person, Concept

Tacitus

Definition
Marcus Claudius Tacitus was Roman emperor from 275 to 276. During his short reign he campaigned against the Goths and the Heruli, for which he received the title Gothicus Maximus.
Type
Person, Concept

Florianus

Definition
Florianus (Marcus Annius Florianus), also known as Florian, was Roman emperor in 276, from July to September. He was the maternal half-brother of his predecessor, Tacitus, who was proclaimed emperor in late 275, after the unexpected death of Emperor Aurelian.
Type
Person, Concept

Probus

Definition
Probus (Latin: Marcus Aurelius Probus Augustus; c. 19 August 232 – September/October 282), was Roman Emperor from 276 to 282.
Type
Person, Concept

Laelianus

Definition
Ulpius Cornelius Laelianus was a usurper against the Gallic Emperor Postumus.
Type
Person, Concept

Saturninus

Definition
The Roman usurper Saturninus (pretender against Probus in 281).
Type
Person, Concept

Ulpia Severina

Definition
Wife of the Emperor Aurelian.
Type
Person, Concept

Domitian II

Definition
A usurper, probably in northern Gaul in late AD 270 or early 271.
Type
Person, Concept

Diocletian

Definition
Diocletian (Gaius Aurelius Valerius Diocletianus) was a Roman emperor from 284 to 305. Diocletian's reign stabilized the empire and marks the end of the Crisis of the Third Century. He appointed fellow officer Maximian as Augustus, co-emperor, in 286. Diocletian reigned in the Eastern Empire, and Maximian reigned in the Western Empire.
Type
Person, Concept
8101 to 8200 of 8319 total results.