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Asculum

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Asculum in Picenum.
Type
Mint, Concept

Umar ibn Yahya

Definition
Umar ibn Yahya (c. 152 - 157/769 - 774) was an Abbasid official in Egypt.
Type
Person, Concept

Clay

Definition
Clay is a fine-grained natural rock or soil material that combines one or more clay minerals with traces of metal oxides and organic matter.
Type
Material, Concept

Anaxidikos (II)

Definition
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Abdera, 439/437-411/410 BC. See J. May, The Coinage of Abdera (540-345 B.C.) (London, 1966), pp. 44-48.
Type
Person, Concept

Argos

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Argos in the Argolid.
Type
Mint, Concept

Tin

Definition
Tin is a common material component of coins.
Type
Material, Concept

Larissa Phriconis

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Larissa Phriconis in Aeolis.
Type
Mint, Concept

Byllis

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Byllis in Illyricum.
Type
Mint, Concept

Selim II Sari

Definition
Selim II (Ottoman Turkish: سليم ثانى Selīm-i sānī, Turkish:II.Selim), also known as "Selim the Sot (Mest)" in west and as "Sarı Selim" (Selim the Blond) in east, was the Sultanof the Ottoman Empire from 1566 until his death in 1574.
Type
Person, Concept

Constantina

Definition
The wife of the Byzantine emperor Maurice.
Type
Person, Concept

Khaejei

Definition
Dynast in the ancient region of Lycia from approximately 480–460 BC. See W. Müseler, Lykische Münzen in Europäischen Privatsammlungen (İstanbul, 2016), III, 13
Type
Person, Concept

Nuh I ibn Nasr II

Definition
Nuh ibn Nasr, or Nuh I, was the amir of the Samanids in 943–954.
Type
Person, Concept

Paris

Definition
The mints in Paris, capital of France.
Type
Mint, Concept

Pytho…

Definition
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Byzantium, 3rd cent. BC. See E. Schönert-Geiß, Die Münzprägung von Byzantion I. Autonome Prägung (Berlin, 1970), p. 146, nos. 1249-1250.
Type
Person, Concept

Genius

Definition
In Roman religion, the genius is the individual instance of a general divine nature that is present in every individual person, place, or thing.
Type
Deity, Concept

Gela

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Gela in Sicily.
Type
Mint, Concept

Nikon

Definition
Magistrate attested in Abydos in c. 75-65 BC. See Th. Corsten, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names VA Coastal Asia Minor: Pontos to Ionia (2010) s. v. Nikon (47); W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 716 s. v. ΝΙΚΩΝ. Chronology: LGPN VA (c.100-70BC); F. de Callataÿ, Abydos sur Aesillas, in: E. Kypraiou (ed.), Χαρακτήρ: Aφιέρωμα στη Mάντω Oικoνoμίδoυ. Athens 1996, p. 83 (c. 75-65 BC).
Type
Person, Concept

Ghurids

Definition
The Ghurids or Ghorids (Persian: سلسله غوریان‎; self-designation: شنسباني, Shansabānī) were a dynasty of Eastern Iranian descent (presumably Tajik, but the exact ethnic origin is uncertain), from the Ghor region of present-day central Afghanistan.
Type
Family, Concept

Pharnaces II of Pontus

Definition
Pharnaces II of Pontus, also known as Pharnaces II was the king of the Bosporan Kingdom until his death. He was a monarch of Persian and Greek Macedonian ancestry. He was the youngest child born to King Mithridates VI of Pontus from his first wife, his sister Queen Laodice.
Type
Person, Concept

Zeuxippos

Definition
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 119/118 BC: See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 564-567 / issue 46 (p. 566); C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (119/118 BC); P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 192 s. v. Zeuxippos, no. 2; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 517 s. v. Zeuxi-.
Type
Person, Concept

Freiburg im Breisgau

Definition
The mint(s) at the city of Freiburg, National State of Baden-Württemberg, Germany.
Type
Mint, Concept

Theondes

Definition
Magistrate attested on the Alexander coinage of Samothrace, c.172-168 BC. See M. J. Price, Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus (London/Zurich, 1994), no. 663
Type
Person, Concept

Lucius Iulius Faustinianus

Definition
Legatus augusti pro praetore Mosiae inferioris c. AD 207-210. His name appears on coins of Markianopolis. Lit.: PIR² I 304.
Type
Person, Concept

Apollonia, Sicily

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Apollonia in Sicily
Type
Mint, Concept

Galla Placidia

Definition
Daughter of the Roman emperor Theodosius I.
Type
Person, Concept

Antiochus XIII Asiaticus

Definition
Antiochus XIII Philadelphus ("Brother-loving"), nicknamed Asiaticus ("the Asiatic," referring to his sojourn in Asia Minor during the Armenian occupation of Syria) was the twenty-third and last king of the Seleucid Empire. He ruled a state that was little more than Antioch and its environs first from 69/8 to 67 BC and again briefly in 65/4 BC. Antiochus XIII was installed on the throne by the Roman general L. Licinius Lucullus after the withdrawal of Tigranes II of Armenia from Syria. By 67 BC, however, the king faced a popular revolt and was captured by the Emesan dynast Sampsiceramus. He was replaced as king by Philip II, a son of Philip I, but seems to have returned to power in 65/4 BC. He was deposed by Popmpey, who made Syria a Roman province.
Type
Person, Concept

Orodes V of Elymais

Definition
Orodes V (c. 170–c. 180 AD) son of Beldusa and king of Elymais.
Type
Person, Concept

al-Ashraf Muzaffar al-Din Abu al-Fath Musa

Definition
Al-Ashraf Musa Abu'l-Fath al-Muzaffar ad-Din, called Al-Ashraf (died 27 August 1237) was a ruler of the Ayyubid dynasty in Diayr Bakr (Mayyaafariqin and Jabal Sinjar) unitl the the Mongol conquest of 1231.
Type
Person, Concept

Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus

Definition
Antiochus XI Epiphanes Philadelphus ("God Manifest, Brother-loving") was twentieth king of the Seleucid Empire, reigning in Syria only for part of 94/3 BC. He was the son of Antiochus VIII and Tryphaena and brother of Seleucus VI, Demetrius III, and Philip I. After the death of Seleucus VI (94 BC), Antiochus XI and Philip I jointly proclaimed themselves kings and destroyed Mopsus in revenge. In 94/3 BC, Antiochus XI marched against Antiochus X in Antioch but suffered defeat in battle. He managed to escape capture, but drowned while trying to cross the Orontes River.
Type
Person, Concept

Neon

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Neon in Phocis.
Type
Mint, Concept

Agrippina the Elder

Definition
Vipsania Agrippina, most commonly known as Agrippina Major or Agrippina the Elder (14 BC – 17 October 33), was was the wife of the general and statesman Germanicus. She was granddaughter of Augustus, mother of Caligula, second cousin of Claudius and grandmother of Nero.
Type
Person, Concept

Pherenikos

Definition
Magistrate attested in Abydos in c. 75-65 BC. See Th. Corsten, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names VA Coastal Asia Minor: Pontos to Ionia (2010) s. v. Pherenikos (2); W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 864 s. v. ΦΕΡΕΝ(E)ΙΚΟΣ. Chronology: LGPN VA (c.100-70BC); F. de Callataÿ, Abydos sur Aesillas, in: E. Kypraiou (ed.), Χαρακτήρ: Aφιέρωμα στη Mάντω Oικoνoμίδoυ. Athens 1996, p. 83 (c. 75-65 BC).
Type
Person, Concept

Mandron

Definition
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Abdera, 411/410-386/385 BC. See J. May, The Coinage of Abdera (540-345 B.C.) (London, 1966), pp. 44-48.
Type
Person, Concept

Musée d'Art et d'Histoire (Geneva)

Definition
The numismatic collection of the Musée d'Art et d'Histoire comprises more than 100,000 coins, medals and engraved stones. Its creation arose from an interest in the preservation of Roman coins found during fortification work in 1535, when Geneva became an independent republic.
Type
Collection, Concept

Artaxias II of Armenia

Definition
Artaxias II, also known as Artaxes II and Artashes was a Prince of the Kingdom of Armenia, member of the Artaxiad Dynasty and King of Armenia from 30 BC until 20 BC.
Type
Person, Concept

Arycanda

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Arycanda in Lycia.
Type
Mint, Concept

1/32 shekel

Definition
An ancient denomination with the value of 1/32 shekel
Type
Denomination, Concept

Vatican Museums

Definition
The Vatican Museums (Italian: Musei Vaticani; Latin: Musea Vaticana) are the public art and sculpture museums in the Vatican City. They display works from the immense collection amassed by the Catholic Church and the papacy throughout the centuries including several of the most renowned Roman sculptures and most important masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world.
Type
Collection, Concept

Somenos

Definition
Magistrate attested in Abydos in c. 75-65 BC. See Th. Corsten, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names VA Coastal Asia Minor: Pontos to Ionia (2010) s. v. Somenos (1); W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 825 s. v. ΣΩΜΕΝΟΣ. Chronology: LGPN VA (c.100-70BC); F. de Callataÿ, Abydos sur Aesillas, in: E. Kypraiou (ed.), Χαρακτήρ: Aφιέρωμα στη Mάντω Oικoνoμίδoυ. Athens 1996, p. 83 (c. 75-65 BC).
Type
Person, Concept

Large AE2

Definition
A denomination of Late Roman bronze coins struck after the Fel Temp Reparatio reform of 348 as defined in RIC VIII
Type
Denomination, Concept

Brutobriga

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Brutobriga in Hispania.
Type
Mint, Concept

Mesma

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Mesma in Bruttium.
Type
Mint, Concept

Cleopatra Selene

Definition
Cleopatra Selene ("Moon") reigned jointly with her young son Antiochus XIII Philometor ("Mother-loving") in the environs of Damascus from c. 83/2 to sometime before 75 BC. Celopatra Selene was was a Ptolemaic princess who was married in sequence to Antiochus VIII, Antiochus IX, and Antiochus X. She had two sons by Antiochus X: Antiochus XIII and an unknown brother whose name may have been Seleucus. The extent of her power in Syria is very much unclear. In 75 BC, Cleopatra sent both her sons to Rome to press a claim to Ptolemaic Egypt, but this was denied. They seem to have been making their way home through Asia Minor when Tigranes II of Armenia invaded Syria and captured their mother in c. 69 BC. Cleopatra Selene was imprisoned at Seleucia (Zeugma) and ultimately killed.
Type
Person, Concept

Coin cabinet of Goettingen University

Definition
The collection comprises a total ot some 40,000 coins of which are 5,900 Greek, 9,600 Roman, 1,000 Byzantine, 4,000 from the Orient, 2,100 Medieval, and 15,600 modern ones. In addition there are c. 1,700 medals and related objects, tokens, the latter including c. 100 made from lead.
Type
Collection, Concept

Palmyra

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Palmyra in Palmyrene.
Type
Mint, Concept

Numerian

Definition
The Roman emperor Numerian.
Type
Person, Concept

Macrianus Minor

Definition
Usurper during the reign of the Emperor Gallienus. Died AD 261.
Type
Person, Concept

Heraclius the Elder

Definition
The father of the Byzantine emperor Heraclius.
Type
Person, Concept

Florianus

Definition
Roman emperor in AD 276.
Type
Person, Concept

Ontikes

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Ontikes in Hispania Citerior.
Type
Mint, Concept

Phaselis

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Phaselis in Lycia.
Type
Mint, Concept

Uncertain Mint 60

Definition
Uncertain Mint 60, Military Mint in Coele Syria
Type
Mint, Concept

Denomination C (unit)

Definition
A modern denomination designation, possibly with the value of one chalkous
Type
Denomination, Concept

Cosconius Gentianus

Definition
Legatus augusti pro praetore Moesiae inferioris AD 195-198. His name appears on coins of Markianopolis and Nikopolis. Lit.: PIR ² C 1526.
Type
Person, Concept

Deinomenid Dynasty

Definition
Dynasty of tyrants who ruled over the city of Syracuse in Sicily in the 5th century BC
Type
Family, Concept

Aristodemos

Definition
Magistrate attested on the Alexander coinage of Chios, c.190-165 BC. See M. J. Price, Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus (London/Zurich, 1994), no. 2434
Type
Person, Concept

Coin Cabinet of Greifswald University

Definition
The University of Greifswald’s Academic Coin Cabinet comprises 1,200 coins and medals that date from antiquity up until the start of the 20th Century. The core collections are bracteates from the 12th/13th Centuries, coins from German territories of the early modern period and Pomeranian medals awarded for science, art, and history. Further coin collections belonging to the University of Greifswald are held as part of the Gustaf Dalman Collection (on the history of Palestine), the Victor Schultze Collection (on Christian archaeology) and in the collection of prehistoric antiquities.
Type
Collection, Concept

Uncertain Mint 37

Definition
Uncertain Mint 37, on the Coast of Eastern Cilicia
Type
Mint, Concept

1/16 obol

Definition
An ancient denomination with the value of 1/16 obol
Type
Denomination, Concept

Celenderis

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Celenderis in Cilicia.
Type
Mint, Concept

Uncertain Mint 75

Definition
Uncertain Mint 75, perhaps in Western Persia
Type
Mint, Concept

Small AE2

Definition
A denomination of Late Roman bronze coins struck after the Fel Temp Reparatio reform of 348 as defined in RIC VIII
Type
Denomination, Concept

Islamic Numismatics

Definition
The study of the coins, other numismatic items and numismatic history in the Islamic domain.
Type
Field of Numismatics, Concept

Tribal issue

Definition
Term used to describe a category of coinage struck in the name of 'tribe' or other ethnic group.
Type
Numismatic Term, Concept

Heinrich Rörichs

Definition
Mintmaster in Deutz for the Archbishopric Cologne, who appointed in October in 1580, but died the following month. Lit.: Alfred Noss, Die Münzen der Erzbischöfe von Köln 1547-1794 (1925) pp. 66-67.
Type
Person, Concept

Cennatis

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Cennatis in Cilicia
Type
Mint, Concept

Uncertain Mint 119

Definition
Uncertain Mint 119, in Western Cilicia
Type
Mint, Concept

Laufenburg

Definition
The mint of Laufenburg, a municipality in the Swiss canton of Aargau. Mint of the counts of Habsburg-Laufenburg from the 13th to 15th century, and for the municipality of Laufenburg from 1504 to 1506.
Type
Mint, Concept

Arsames of Commagene

Definition
The existence of Arsames of Commagene has been inferred from a coinage in the name of such a king with types similar to those of Sames, who ruled from c. 130 BC. See F. Kovacs, Armenian Coinage in the Classical Period (Lancaster/London, 2016), p. 39.
Type
Person, Concept

al-Sus

Definition
Shush (Persian: شوش‎; also Romanized as Shūsh, Shoosh, and by name of the ancient nearby city: Sūsa) is a city in and the capital of Shush County, Khuzestan Province, Iran.
Type
Mint, Concept

Mahmud II Adli

Definition
Mahmud II (Ottoman Turkish: محمود ثانى Mahmud-u sānī, محمود عدلى Mahmud-u Âdlî) (Turkish: II. Mahmud)  was the 30th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1808 until his death in 1839.
Type
Person, Concept

Double-aureus

Definition
Gold coin worth two aureii. It appears to be referred to in contemporary Latin texts as a 'Binio'.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Justin I

Definition
The Byzantine emperor Justin I.
Type
Person, Concept

Salzwedel

Definition
The mint(s) at the Hansestadt Salzwedel, National State of Saxony-Anhalt (German: Sachsen-Anhalt), Germany
Type
Mint, Concept

1 1/2 scripula

Definition
A Late Roman gold denomination weighing 1 1/2 scripula. Used by J.W.E. Pearce in RIC 9, it is the equivalent of 9 siliquae, which was used by J.P.C. Kent in RIC 8.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Philip IV (1285-1314)

Definition
Philip IV (April–June 1268 – 29 November 1314), called the Fair (French: Philippe le Bel) or the Iron King (French: le Roi de fer), was King of France from 1285 until his death.
Type
Person, Concept

Androsthenes

Definition
Magistrate attested in Abydos in c. 75-65 BC. See Th. Corsten, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names VA Coastal Asia Minor: Pontos to Ionia (2010) s. v. Androsthenes (6); W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 321 s. v. ΑΝΔΡΟΣΘΕΝΗΣ. Chronology: LGPN VA (c.100-70BC); F. de Callataÿ, Abydos sur Aesillas, in: E. Kypraiou (ed.), Χαρακτήρ: Aφιέρωμα στη Mάντω Oικoνoμίδoυ. Athens 1996, p. 83 (c. 75-65 BC).
Type
Person, Concept

Epam…

Definition
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Priene c. 330-300 BC. Regling completed: Epameinon? Lit.: K. Regling, Die Münzen von Priene (1927) p. 158; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 479.
Type
Person, Concept

Tugha Timur

Definition
Jahan Temür was a Jalayirid candidate for the throne of the Ilkhanate in the late 1330s. He was the son of Ala-Fireng and the grandson of the Ilkhan Gaykhatu.
Type
Person, Concept

Balanaea

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Balanaea in Coele Syria.
Type
Mint, Concept

Muhammad Khan

Definition
Muhammad Khan (died July 1338) was a claimant to the throne of the Ilkhanate. He was a great-grandson of Mengu Timur, who was a son of Hulegu.
Type
Person, Concept

Dionysios Ke...

Definition
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 114/113 BC. Probably from Kephale ("KE..." as toponym): See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 655, 658, 660-661, 666, 668 / issue 51 (p. 561); C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (114/113 BC); Prosopographia Attica 4186; P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 124 s. v. Dionysios, no. 376; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 457 s. v. Dionysios.
Type
Person, Concept

Lacedaemon

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Lacedaemon in Laconia.
Type
Mint, Concept

Martinianus

Definition
The Roman emperor [Sextus] Mar(cius?) Martinianus. Made Augustus by Licinius I in July 324.
Type
Person, Concept

Sosigenes

Definition
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 134/133 BC: See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 362-363, 369, 375 / issue 31 (p. 581); C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (134/133 BC); Prosopographia Attica 13199; P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 415 s. v. Sosigenes, no. 15; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 827 s. v. Sosige-.
Type
Person, Concept

Protomachos

Definition
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 116/115 BC: See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 620, 622 / issue 49 (p. 580); C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (116/115 BC); P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 384 s. v. Protomachos, no. 6; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 780 s. v. Protomachos.
Type
Person, Concept

Nikon

Definition
Third magistrate attested in Athens in 127/126 BC [issue 38]. Again attested as third magistrate in 114/113 BC [issue 51]. Maybe from Philaidai (?): See M. Thompson, The New Style Silver Coinage of Athens (1961) nos. 429, 431-432 and nos. 658, 660 / issues 38 and 51, commentary on p. 577; C. Habicht, Zu den Münzmagistraten der Silberprägung des Neuen Stils, Chiron 21, 1991, p. 5 (127/126 and 114/113 BC); Prosopographia Attica 11096; P. M. Fraser – E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek Personal Names II Attica (1994) p. 341 s. v. Nikon, no. 20 (listed under Athens, no particular deme); W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 716 s. v. Nikon.
Type
Person, Concept

Romanos III Argyros

Definition
The Byzantine emperor Romanos III Argyros.
Type
Person, Concept

Thysdrus

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Thysdrus in Byzacene
Type
Mint, Concept

3 Taler

Definition
A denomination with the value of 3 Taler.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Hegisippos

Definition
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Abdera, 473/470-449/448 BC. See J. May, The Coinage of Abdera (540-345 B.C.) (London, 1966), pp. 44-48.
Type
Person, Concept

Odrysae

Definition
The mint in Thrace of the tribe of the 'Odrysae'.
Type
Mint, Concept

Izz al-Dawlah Abu Mansur Bakhtiyar

Definition
Bakhtiyar (Persian: بختیار, died 978), better known by his laqab of ʿIzz al-Dawla (Arabic: عز الدولة،, "Glory of the Dynasty"), was the Buyid amir of Iraq (967–978).
Type
Person, Concept

Asklepiades

Definition
Magistrate attested on the Alexander coinage of Chios, c. 190-165 BC. See M. J. Price, Coinage in the Name of Alexander the Great and Philip Arrhidaeus (London/Zurich, 1994), no. 2412
Type
Person, Concept

Tabae

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Tabae in Caria.
Type
Mint, Concept

Armenia

Definition
The region of Armenia as defined in B.V. Head, Historia Numorum (2nd ed., Oxford, 1911).
Type
Region, Concept

Hyporum

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Hyporum in Bruttium.
Type
Mint, Concept

Andriscus of Macedon

Definition
Andriscus, also often referenced as Pseudo-Philip, was the last King of Macedon (r. 149–148 BC). A pretender, who claimed to be the son of Perseus of Macedon, he was a fuller from Adramyttium in Aeolis in western Anatolia. His reign lasted just one year and was toppled by the Roman Republic during the Fourth Macedonian War.
Type
Person, Concept

Syllaeus of Nabataea

Definition
Syllaeus was the chief minister of Obodas III. Following the death of Obodas, he was brought to Rome and thrown from the Tarpeian Rock as Aretas IV inherited the throne of Nabataea.
Type
Person, Concept

Bacharach

Definition
The mint(s) at the city of Bacharach, National State of Rhineland-Palatinate (German: Rheinland-Pfalz), Germany.
Type
Mint, Concept
1 to 100 of 7101 total results.