William III (Dutch: Willem III; 4 November 1650 – 8 March 1702) was sovereign Prince of Orange from birth,Stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Gelderland,
and Overijssel in the Dutch Republic from 1672, and King of England, Ireland, and Scotland from 1689 until his death.
The mint(s) in the city of Venice (Italian: Venezia, alternative obsolete form: Vinegia; Venetian: Venexia /veˈnɛzja/; Latin:
Venetiae) is a city in northeastern Italy sited on a group of 117 small islands separated by canals and linked by bridges.
It is located in the marshy Venetian Lagoon which stretches along the shoreline, between the mouths of the Po and the Piave
Charles V (24 February 1500 – 21 September 1558) was ruler of the Holy Roman Empire from 1519 and, asCharles I, of the Spanish
Empire from 1516 until his voluntary abdication in favor of his younger brother Ferdinand I as Holy Roman Emperor and his
son Philip II as King of Spain in 1556.
The Lower Rhenish–Westphalian circle was one of the Imperial circles within the Holy Roman empire created in 1500. It was
originally called simply the fifth circle, with a geographical term being added later.
Maximilian I (22 March 1459 Wiener Neustadt - 12 January 1519 Castle Wels) was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1508
to 1519, and an Archduke of Austria since 1493. He became King of the Romans in 1486, and was Duke of Burgundy from 1477 to
Ferdinand III (13 July 1608 in Graz - 2 April 1657 in Vienna) was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1637 to 1657.
He also was an Archduke of Austria from 1621, King of Hungary from 1625, and king of Croatia and Bohemia from 1627.
Matthias (24 February 1557 in Vienna - 20 March 1619 in Vienna) was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1612 to 1619.
Previously he served as the governor of Lower Austria from 1593 to 1608. He was also Archduke of Austria from 1608 to 1619,
and as Matyáš II King of both Hungary from 1608 to 1619 and of Bohema from 1611 to 1619.
Maria Theresa Walburga Amalia Christina (13 May 1717 in Vienna - 29 November 1780 in Vienna), reigned from 1740 to 1780. She
was the only Queen regnant of the Habsburg dominions and the last of the House of Habsburg. She was the sovereign of Austria, Hungary, Croatia, Bohemia, Mantua, Milan, Lodomeria
and Galicia, the Austrian Netherlands and Parma. By marriage, she was Duchess of Lorraine, Grand Duchess of Tuscany and Holy
Ferdinand I (10 March 1503 Alcalá de Henares - 25 July 1564 Vienna) was the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1556 to
1564. He became Archduke of Austria in 1521, King of Croatia, Bohemia, and Hungary in 1526, and King of the Romans in 1531.
Sigismund (26 October 1427 in Innsbruck - 4 March 1496 in Innsbruck) was a Duke of Austria from 1439, being elevated to Archduke
in 1477. He also served as the regent of Upper Austria and Tyrol from 1446 to 1490.
The Saxon circle was one of the Imperial circles within the Holy Roman empire created in 1500. It was originally called simply
the sixth circle, with a geographical term being added later. It was was divided into an Upper and Lower Saxon circle in 1512.
Maximilian II (25 July 1527 Vienna - 12 October 1576 Regensburg) was the Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1564 to 1576.
He became King of Bohemia and King of the Romans in 1562, King of Hungary and Croatia in 1563, and Archduke of Austria in
The canton of Aargau, Switzerland, as issuing authority. Although parts of the canton of Aargau can be traced back to the
medieval Aaregau, it was only formed under Napoleon from the Bernese Aargau, the Freiamt, the Fricktal and the county of Baden.
With the Mediation Constitution, the canton of Aargau - like all other cantons - received the minting power, which it retained
until the founding of the federal state of Switzerland in 1848.