Browse Nomisma IDs


Download CSVAtom Feed
7001 to 7100 of 7100 total results.

Eppius

Definition
Roman Republican Moneyer, c. 47 BC, 44 BC
Type
Person, Concept

C. Norbanus

Definition
Roman Republican Moneyer, c. 83 BC, 43 BC
Type
Person, Concept

Q 2 (Republican Moneyer)

Definition
Symbol of Roman Republican issuing authority, c. 81 BCE
Type
Person, Concept

Kingdom of Rome

Definition
The Roman Kingdom (also referred to as the Roman monarchy, or the regal period of ancient Rome) was the earliest period of Roman history when the city and its territory were ruled by kings. According to oral accounts, the Roman Kingdom began with the city's founding c. 753 BC, with settlements around the Palatine Hill along the river Tiber in central Italy, and ended with the overthrow of the kings and the establishment of the Republic c. 509 BC.
Type
Organization, Concept

Numa Pompilius

Definition
Numa Pompilius (c. 753–673 BC; reigned 715–672/3 BC) was the legendary second king of Rome, succeeding Romulus after a one-year interregnum. Numa Pompilius appears on coinage of the Roman Republic.
Type
Person, Concept

Ancus Marcius

Definition
Ancus Marcius was the legendary fourth king of Rome, who traditionally reigned 24 years. Although never issuing coinage, he appears on coins of the Roman Republic.
Type
Person, Concept

Octavia

Definition
Octavia the Younger (Latin: Octavia Minor ; c. 66 –11 BC) was the elder sister of the first Roman Emperor, Augustus (known also as Octavian), the half-sister of Octavia the Elder, and the fourth wife of Mark Antony.
Type
Person, Concept

Romulus

Definition
Romulus is the legendary founder of Rome and its first king, ruling (according to tradition) from 753 - 716 B.C. Romulus appears on coinage from the Roman Republic to the modern period.
Type
Person, Concept

Amphitrite

Definition
In ancient Greek mythology, Amphitrite was a sea goddess and wife of Poseidon and the queen of the sea.
Type
Deity, Concept

Titus Tatius

Definition
According to the Roman foundation myth, Titus Tatius was the king of the Sabines from Cures and joint-ruler of the Kingdom of Rome for several years. During the reign of Romulus, the first king of Rome, Tatius declared war on Rome in response to the incident known as The Rape of the Sabine Women.
Type
Person, Concept

Portrait

Definition
A person whose primary role with respect to monetary instruments is to be depicted in the iconography. Although many rulers who were authorities or issuers of money may also have been depicted (with separate metadata properties in the encoding of numismatic objects or types), a person whose role is defined as 'portrait' only serves that role in connection to a political organization.
Type
Role, Concept

Marcus Claudius Marcellus

Definition
Marcus Claudius Marcellus (c. 270 – 208 BC), five times elected as consul of the Roman Republic, was an important Roman military leader during the Gallic War of 225 BC and the Second Punic War.
Type
Person, Concept

Lucius Junius Brutus

Definition
Lucius Junius Brutus (fl. 6th century BC) is the semi-legendary founder of the Roman Republic, and traditionally one of its first consuls in 509 BC.
Type
Person, Concept

Aulus Postumius Tubertus

Definition
Aulus Postumius Tubertus was a Roman military leader in the wars with the Aequi and Volsci during the fifth century BC. He served as Magister Equitum under the dictator Mamercus Aemilius Mamercinus in 434 BC.
Type
Person, Concept

Gaius Servilius Ahala

Definition
Gaius Servilius Ahala (fl. 439 BC) was a 5th-century BC politician of ancient Rome, considered by many later writers to have been a hero.
Type
Person, Concept

Quirinus

Definition
In Roman mythology and religion, Quirinus is an early god of the Roman state
Type
Deity, Concept

Penates

Definition
In ancient Roman religion, the Di Penates or Penates were among the dii familiares, or household deities, invoked most often in domestic rituals.
Type
Group, Concept

Honos

Definition
Honos was the Roman god personifying honor. He was closely associated with Virtus, the goddess of manliness, or bravery, and the two are frequently depicted together.
Type
Deity, Concept

Federal Republic of Germany

Definition
The Federal Republic of Germany was founded on 23 May 1949.
Type
Organization, Concept

The Digital Coin Cabinet of the University of Cologne, Department of History, Ancient History, and Department of Classics, Byzantine Studies

Definition
The collection currently holds c. 1,150 coins, mainly of the Roman Imperial period (Republic 72, Principate 517, Late Antiquity 104), plus a number of Provincial issues of the Roman period (93), and some Celtic, Germanic, and other Greek coins. In 2008, 22 Late Roman coins and 285 Byzantine ones of the Krengel collection were purchased.
Type
Collection, Concept

Denomination C

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination D

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination E

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination B

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination A

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Bactrian and Indo-Greek Coinage

Definition
The Bactrian and Indo-Greek digital typology devised by Simon Glenn and Gunnar Dumke.
Type
Type Series, Concept

Denomination F

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination G

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination H

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination I

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination J

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination K

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination L

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination M

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Denomination N

Definition
A modern denomination designation of uncertain value for Indo-Greek bronze coins.
Type
Denomination, Concept

Agathocleia of Bactria

Definition
Agathocleia Theotropos was an Indo-Greek queen who ruled at the same time as Strato I and Heliocles II.
Type
Person, Concept

Apollodotus II of Bactria

Definition
Apollodotus II was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in the western and eastern parts of Punjab in the first half of the first century B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Indo-Greek kingdoms

Definition
The Indo-Greek kingdoms is a modern term applied to the area ruled by the kings from Apollodotos I in the mid second century BCE to Strato II and Strato III in the first century CE. The geographical extent of the various kingdoms is uncertain and varied over time and they were rarely a single political unit. It is shown here at what is considered to be its largest size.
Type
Region, Concept

Graeco-Bactrian kingdom

Definition
The Graeco-Bactrian kingdom is a modern term applied to the area ruled by the kings from Diodotos I in the mid third century BCE to Heliocles I in the second half of the second century BCE. The geographical extent of the kingdom is uncertain and varied over time. It is shown here at what is considered to be its largest size.
Type
Region, Concept

Demetrius I of Bactria

Definition
Demetrius I was a Graeco-Bactrian king ruling in the early second century BCE. He was the son and successor of Euthydemus I and is considered to have expanded his kingdom to the south through conquests in India
Type
Person, Concept

Demetrius II of Bactria

Definition
Demetrius II was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled in the mid second century BCE
Type
Person, Concept

Artemidorus of Bactria

Definition
Artemidoros Aniketos was a king who ruled in the area of Gandhara and Pushkalavati in modern northern Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Type
Person, Concept

Apollophanes of Bactria

Definition
Apollophanes Soter (reigned second half of the first century B.C.) was an Indo-Greek king in the area of eastern and central Punjab in modern India and Pakistan.
Type
Person, Concept

Demetrius III of Bactria

Definition
Demetrius III Aniketos is an Indo-Greek king
Type
Person, Concept

Dionysius of Bactria

Definition
Dionysios Soter was an Indo-Greek king in the area of eastern Punjab
Type
Person, Concept

Calliope of Bactria

Definition
Calliope was most likely a princess of the Indo-Greek Kingdom whose portrait appeared on the coinage of Hermaeus
Type
Person, Concept

Eucratides II of Bactria

Definition
Eucratides II was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled in the mid second century BCE.
Type
Person, Concept

Heliocles II of Bactria

Definition
Heliocles II Dikaios is an Indo-Greek king, ruling at the same time as Strato I and Agathocleia.
Type
Person, Concept

Hippostratus of Bactria

Definition
Hippostratos was an Indo-Greek king.
Type
Person, Concept

Epander of Bactria

Definition
Epander was one of the Indo-Greek kings.
Type
Person, Concept

Hermaeus of Bactria

Definition
Hermaeus Soter or Hermaios Soter was an Indo-Greek king.
Type
Person, Concept

Laodice of Bactria

Definition
Laodice was a Graeco-Bactrian ruler who is known only from coinage featuring an uncertain Heliocles. She was a contemporary of Eucratides I.
Type
Person, Concept

Strato II of Bactria

Definition
Strato II "Soter" was an Indo-Greek king. He ruled c. 25 BCE to 10 CE in the Eastern Punjab, probably retaining the capital of Sagala (modern Sialkot, Pakistan), or possibly to the city of Bucephala.
Type
Person, Concept

Plato of Bactria

Definition
Plato was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled for a short period in the mid second century BCE.
Type
Person, Concept

Philoxenus of Bactria

Definition
Philoxenus Anicetus was an Indo-Greek king. Bopearachchi dates Philoxenus to c. 100–95 B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Menander II of Bactria

Definition
Menander II Dikaios was an Indo-Greek King.
Type
Person, Concept

PoIyxenus, Bactria

Definition
Polyxenos Epiphanes Soter was an Indo-Greek king.
Type
Person, Concept

Strato I of Bactria

Definition
Strato I was an Indo-Greek king, ruling at the same time as Agathocleia and Heliocles II.
Type
Person, Concept

Peucolaus, Bactria

Definition
Peucolaus Soter Dikaios was an Indo-Greek king.
Type
Person, Concept

Nicias of Bactria

Definition
Nicias was an Indo-Greek king.
Type
Person, Concept

Euthydemus I of Bactria

Definition
Euthydemus I was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled after Antiochus Nicator in the late third century BCE. He was succeded by his son Demetrius I.
Type
Person, Concept

Strato III of Bactria

Definition
Strato III often called "Philopator" ("the Father-loving") was an Indo-Greek king who ruled c. 25 BCE to 10 CE in the Eastern Punjab. He is only known through the joint coins with his father Strato II. He may have been supplanted, in conjunction with his father or later as an independent king, by the Indo-Scythian Northern Satraps, particularly Rajuvula and Bhadayasa, whose coins were often copied on those of the last Indo-Greek kings.
Type
Person, Concept

Thrason of Bactria

Definition
Thraso, latinized as Thrason, was an Indo-Greek king in Central and Western Punjab, unknown until the 1982 discovery of one of his coins by R. C. Senior in the Surana hoard. The coin is in a style similar to those of Menander I, has the same type of Athena, and shares one of Menander's mint marks, dating ca. 95-80 B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Euthydemus II of Bactria

Definition
Euthydemus II was a Graeco-Bactrian king.
Type
Person, Concept

Telephus of Bactria

Definition
Telephos Euergetes was a late Indo-Greek king who seems to have been one of the weak and brief successors of Maues. Bopearachchi dates Telephos between 75–70 B.C. and places him in Gandhara.
Type
Person, Concept

Zoilus I of Bactria

Definition
Zoilus I Dikaios was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in Afghanistan and Pakistan and occupied the areas of the Paropamisade and Arachosia previously held by Menander I, around 130-120 B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Theophilus II of Bactria

Definition
Theophilos was a minor Indo-Greek king who ruled for a short time in the Paropamisadae around 90 B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Zoilus II of Bactria

Definition
Zoilos II Soter was an Indo-Greek king who ruled in eastern Punjab. Bopearachchi dates his reign to c. 55–35 BCE, a date approximately supported by R. C. Senior.
Type
Person, Concept

Antialcidas of Bactria

Definition
Antialcidas Nikephoros was an Indo-Greek king. Bopearachchi has suggested that he ruled from ca. 115 to 95 BCE in the western parts of the Indo-Greek realms, whereas R. C. Senior places him around 130 to 120 BCE and also in eastern Punjab (which seems better supported by coin findings).
Type
Person, Concept

Diodotus I of Bactria

Definition
Diodotus I (285-239 BC) was a Seleucid satrap of Bactria who rebelled after the death of Antiochus II. In c. 255 or 246 BC he proclaimed himself an independent king in Bactria.
Type
Person, Concept

Sophytes

Definition
Sophytes, or Sopeites, Saubhuti was the name of a king in Punjab in the northwestern Indian subcontinent during the time of the Alexander's invasion. Sophytes surrendered to Alexander and was allowed to retain his kingdom. Probably another Sophytes, who was satrap in the eastern territories conquered by Alexander the Great, minted his own coins in the Greek style circa 300 BCE. Little is known about him and hypotheses are numerous: Sophytes may have been a Hellenistic satrap who replaced Stasanor in Bactria-Sogdiana, or may have ruled in a neighboring area; he may also have been a Satrap of Arachosia.
Type
Person, Concept

Heliocles I of Bactria

Definition
Heliocles was a Graeco-Bactrian king and a successor of Eucratides I. He was probably among the final rulers of the Graeco-Bactrian kingdom in the mid second century BCE.
Type
Person, Concept

Diodotus II of Bactria

Definition
Diodotus II was a Graeco-Bactrian king who succeeded his father and ruled in the mid third century BCE.
Type
Person, Concept

Amyntas of Bactria

Definition
Amyntas Nikator was an Indo-Greek king. His coins have been found both in eastern Punjab and Afghanistan, indicating that he ruled a considerable territory.
Type
Person, Concept

Antiochus Nicator of Bactria

Definition
Antiochus Nicator was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled after Diodotus II and preceded Euthydemus I. The coins now attributed to him were previously considered to be early issues of the Diodotids, although Antiochus was also known from the 'pedigree' coins of Agathocles.
Type
Person, Concept

Heliocles of Bactria

Definition
Heliocles was a Graeco-Bactrian ruler who is attested only on coins featuring an uncertain Laodice. He was a contemporary of Eucratides I. It is unclear whether he should be assimilated with another Graeco-Bactrian Heliocles known from numismatic evidence
Type
Person, Concept

Menander I of Bactria

Definition
Menander I Soter was an Indo-Greek King of the Indo-Greek Kingdom (165/155 –130 BC) who administered a large empire in the Northwestern regions of the Indian Subcontinent from his capital at Sagala. Menander is noted for having become a patron of Buddhism.
Type
Person, Concept

Eucratides I of Bactria

Definition
Eucratides I was a Graeco-Bactrian king who ruled in the early to mid second century BCE. The beginning of his reign is thought to have coincided with that of Mithridates I of Parthia.
Type
Person, Concept

Antimachus I Theos of Bactria

Definition
Antimachus I Theos was one of the Graeco-Bactrian kings who ruled in the early second century BCE, following Agathocles and contemporary with Eucratides I
Type
Person, Concept

Apollodotus I of Bactria

Definition
Apollodotus I Soter was an Indo-Greek king between 180 BCE and 160 BCE (according to Bopearachchi) or between 174 and 165 BCE (according to Senior)
Type
Person, Concept

Antimachus II of Bactria

Definition
Antimachus II Nikephoros was an Indo-Greek king. He ruled around 170 BC.
Type
Person, Concept

Pantaleon of Bactria

Definition
Pantaleon was a Graeco-Bactrian/Indo-Greek king who ruled in the early second century BCE. He was a predecessor of Agathocles with whom he shared a similar coinage.
Type
Person, Concept

Diomedes of Bactria

Definition
Diomedes Soter was an Indo-Greek king. The places where his coins have been found seem to indicate that his rule was based in the area of the Paropamisadae, possibly with temporary dominions further east
Type
Person, Concept

Archebius of Bactria

Definition
Archebius Dikaios Nikephoros was an Indo-Greek king who ruled during the early first century B.C.
Type
Person, Concept

Lysias Anicetus

Definition
Lysias Anicetus was an Indo-Greek king who ruled at the same time as Antiacidas Nikephorus
Type
Person, Concept

Indo-Greek Kingdoms

Definition
The Indo-Greek kingdoms were a series of kingdoms spanning modern-day Afghanistan, into the classical regions of the Punjab of the Indian subcontinent (northern Pakistan and northwestern India), during the last two centuries BCE and were ruled by more than thirty kings, often ruling contemporaneously. The state of the evidence does not currently allow modern scholarship to state securely which ruler succeeded which and where exactly their respective dominions are to be localised. The period of the kingdoms drew to a close ca. 10 CE after the joint reigns of Strato II and Strato III and the rise of the Kushan Empire in India.
Type
Group, Concept

Agathocles of Bactria

Definition
Agathocles Dikaios was a Graeco-Bactrian/Indo-Greek king who ruled in the early second century BCE. His coinage indicates he was a successor of Demetrius I and Pantaleon.
Type
Person, Concept

Selene

Definition
In Greek mythology, Selene is the goddess of the Moon.
Type
Deity, Concept

Theophilus I of Bactria

Definition
Graeco-Bactrian ruler who is attested only through his coins. He seems to have been one of the last rulers in Bactria in the second half of the second century BCE, but nothing precise can be said about his reign.
Type
Person, Concept

Double decadrachm

Definition
An ancient denomination with the value of 40 drachms
Type
Denomination, Concept

Indo-Greek Numismatics

Definition
The Indo-Greek numismatics applies to the study of the area ruled by the kings from Apollodotos I in the mid second century BCE to Strato II and Strato III in the first century CE.
Type
Field of Numismatics, Concept

Contemporary Imitation

Definition
Contemporary imitation of a coin or an other numismatic object.
Type
Authenticity, Concept

Modern Imitation

Definition
Imitation of a coin or an other numismatic object in a time when the original/the prototype was no longer in circulation/in use.
Type
Authenticity, Concept

Official

Definition
Official coin, official other numismatic object.
Type
Authenticity, Concept

Authenticity Unknown

Definition
Authenticity not to be determined.
Type
Authenticity, Concept

Round

Definition
A round object, approximately a 360-degree circle, is the most common shape in the Western tradition of coinage.
Type
Shape, Concept

Rectangle

Definition
A rectangle is a four-sided object with each angle at (or approximating, depending on production method) 90 degrees. Typically it consists of two pairs of sides that are differing lengths. For shapes of four equal sizes, use the square Nomisma ID.
Type
Shape, Concept

Square

Definition
A square is a rectangle with four 90 degree corners and equal sides.
Type
Shape, Concept

Bopearachchi

Definition
"Monnaies gréco-bactriennes et indo-grecques : catalogue raisonné" by Osmund Bopearachchi. It was published by the Bibliothèque Nationale de France in 1991.
Type
Type Series, Concept

Mitchiner (1975-1976)

Definition
"Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage" by Michael Mitchiner. It was published by Hawkins Publicans and distributed by Seaby, 1975-6.
Type
Type Series, Concept
7001 to 7100 of 7100 total results.