Legatus Augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae. Appears with title of hegemon on coins from Philippopolis in Thrace during the reign of Antoninus Pius (AD 138-161) between AD 145 and 153. Consul suffectus in AD 153. Later, in AD 159/160 he was administering Moesia superior. Lit.: B. E. Thomasson, Laterculi Praesidum I (1984) pp. 164-165 no. 23; PIR VI² (1998) no. 822 s. v. Pontius; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 796.
Legatus Augusti pro praetore in Moesia. He appears by name only on coins from Marcianopolis/Moesia inferior during the reign of Gordianus III and Tranquillina AD 241-244.
Lit.: B. E. Thomasson, Laterculi Praesidum I (1984) p. 144 no. 134; PIR VI² (1998) 428 no. 1015 s. v. Prosius; W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) 838.
Margiana is a historical region centred on the oasis of Merv and was a minor satrapy within the Achaemenid satrapy of Bactria, and a province within its successors, the Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian empires.
Sogdiana was also a province of the Achaemenid Empire. The Sogdian states, although never politically united, were centred on the main city of Samarkand. Sogdiana lay north of Bactria, east of Khwarezm, and southeast of Kangju between the Oxus (Amu Darya) and the Jaxartes (Syr Darya), embracing the fertile valley of the Zeravshan (ancient Polytimetus).
Drangiana was a historical region and administrative division of the Achaemenid Empire. This region comprises territory around Hamun Lake, wetlands in endorheic Sistan Basin on the Iran-Afghan border, and its primary watershed Helmand river in what is nowadays southwestern region of Afghanistan.
The Seminar of Ancient History holds more than 12,000 coins of the Roman Imperial period and Late Antiquity. Their majority originates from a collection which Herbert Nesselhaus, the former Professor of Ancient History, was able to purchase in 1961 from the Archbishopric of Freiburg. The collection had found a temporary home there some twenty years earlier: Between 1900 and 1926 the Geheimer Oberbaurat Heinrich Wefels from Erlangen built a collection of c. 14,000 coins, which he had acquired at various auctions. About 10,300 are coins of Roman emperors and an additional 2,400 represent provincial issues. Wefels focussed on the Imperial period, but did add both earlier and later coinages, too. About 950 Byzantine coins, 360 Roman Republican ones, 220 Greek issues, and 22 Celic coins bear witness to these secondary areas of interest. Although the Seminar für Alte Geschichte is not any longer able to purchase additional coins, its collection was augmented through generous donations by Herbert A. Cahn, Otto Feld and Gerold Walser. Today the collection is complemented by a scientific numismatic library, which again originates in the collector Heinrich Wefels.
The Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) owns roughly 30.000 coins and medals, ranging from Greek and Roman specimens to modern currencies. These originate from various sources, such as the collections of Gerlach, Heerdegen, Luthart, Pick, Sinugowitz, Varnhagen, Voit von Salzburg, Will, Zucker, as well as the items of the “Ilse und Ulrich Zwicker Stiftung”. The Will collection, consisting of about 12.000 pieces, and the Zwicker foundation with its approx. 11.000 objects, make roughly two thirds of the whole lot. The eldest collection was composed by Friedrich Voit von Salzburg between 1845 and 1858. The most recent accession, the objects of the “Ilse und Ulrich Zwicker Stiftung”, took place at the beginning of this century. The chronological and regional emphasis of the coins differs by each collection with a particular focus on antiquity, from the Greek and Romans until the end of the Byzantine times.
The Seminar für Alte Geschichte und Epigraphik of Heidelberg University together with the Institut Klassische Archäologie holds a collection of more than 4,000 Greek and Roman coins. The collection dates back to Georg Friedrich Kreutzer (1771-1858) and grew with later purchases and donations. From the beginning, the collection was conceived to be used for teaching purposes, highlighting the history of coinage from its origins in ancient Greece down to Late Antiquity.
C. Papius C.f. Mutilus, from Samnitian family, was a general in the Social War. He issued coins with his name sometimes with the additional title of imperator (90-88 BC). Lit.: N. K. Rutter, Historia Numorum Italy (2001) p. 57; Der Neue Pauly IX (2000) 295 s. v. Papius no. I 4 (K.-L. Elvers).
An individual who issued coins at the ancient city of Maroneia, 365-330s BC. See S. Psoma, The coins of Maroneia and the classical city at Molyvoti. A contribution to the history of Aegean Thrace (Athens, 2008), p.173. (Cf. also E. Schönert-Geiss, Die Münzprägung von Maroneia (Berlin, 1987), pp. 44-45 who dates 386/385-348/347 BC and writes Aristoles). W. Leschhorn, Lexikon der Aufschriften auf griechischen Münzen II (2009) p. 360.
Legatus Augusti pro praetore in Thrace c. AD 142-144.
Consul suffectus in AD 148. His name appears on coins of Philippopolis and Perinthos partially with the title of Presbeutes, and in Nikopolis as Hegemon.
Lit.: PIR² A 883; B. E. Thomasson, Laterculi Praesidum I (1984) 164 no. 21; ibid., Addenda I (2011) no. 22:021.
Legatus augusti pro praetore provinciae Thraciae under Antoninus Pius during AD 150ies.
He appears with his title of Hegemon on coins of Philippopolis.
Lit.: B. E. Thomasson, Laterculi Praesidum I (1984) 166 no. 24; ibid. Addenda (2011) no. 22:024; PIR² G 50.
The coin collection of the Archaelogical Museum of Münster University consists of more than 5,500 objects covering all historical periods in antiquity: Greek coins (of the archaic, classical and hellenistic periods), coins of the Roman Republic and empire, Civic and provincial coins of the Imperial period, and Byzantine ones.
The Numismatic Collection of History Institute of the Faculty of History of the Ruhr-University Bochum consists of more than 3,400 objects covering the whole of Antiquity, from the Archaic Age of Greece to the Byzantine period. In addition, it includes a small Late Mediaeval hoard, which was discovered in Querenburg in 1966 in the course of the construction of the University.