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Kingdom of Lydia

Definition
An Iron Age kingdom of western Asia Minor located generally east of ancient Ionia in the modern western Turkish provinces of Uşak, Manisa and inland İzmir. Its population spoke an Anatolian language known as Lydian. Its capital was Sardis.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Satrapy of Lydia

Definition
Satrapy of the Acahemenid Empire in western Asia Minor centred on Sardis
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Macedonia

Definition
Macedonia or Macedon was an ancient kingdom on the periphery of Archaic and Classical Greece, and later the dominant state of Hellenistic Greece. The kingdom was founded and initially ruled by the royal Argead dynasty, which was followed by the Antipatrid and Antigonid dynasties.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Macedonia

Definition
The Roman province of Macedonia (Latin: Provincia Macedoniae, Greek: Ἐπαρχία Μακεδονίας) was officially established in 146 BC, after the Roman general Quintus Caecilius Metellus defeated Andriscus of Macedon, the last self-styled King of the ancient kingdom of Macedonia in 148 BC, and after the four client republics (the "tetrarchy") established by Rome in the region were dissolved. The province incorporated the former kingdom of Macedonia with the addition of Epirus, Thessaly, and parts of Illyria, Paeonia and Thrace. This created a much larger administrative area, to which the name of 'Macedonia' was still applied.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Magnesia on the Maeander

Definition
Magnesia or Magnesia on the Maeander (Ancient Greek: Μαγνησία ἡ πρὸς Μαιάνδρῳ or Μαγνησία ἡ ἐπὶ Μαιάνδρῳ; Latin: Magnḗsĭa ad Mæándrum) was an ancient Greek city in Ionia, considerable in size, at an important location commercially and strategically in the triangle of Priene, Ephesus and Tralles.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Massylii

Definition
The Massylii or Maesulians were a Berber federation of tribes in eastern Numidia, which was formed by an amalgamation of smaller tribes during the 4th century BC. They were ruled by a king. On their loosely defined western frontier were the powerful Masaesyli. To their east, lay the territory of the rich and powerful Carthaginian Republic. After the Roman victory in the Second Punic War, the independent kingdoms of the Massylii and Masaesyli were combined into a unified Kingdom of Numidia.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Mamertines

Definition
The Mamertines (Latin: Mamertini, "sons of Mars", Greek: Μαμερτῖνοι) were mercenaries of Italian origin who had been hired from their home in Campania by Agathocles (361 – 289 BC), Tyrant of Syracuse and self-proclaimed King of Sicily.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Mauretania

Definition
The Kingdom of Mauritania comprised primarily the ethnic Mauri (Moors) in northwest Africa. The kingdom ruled autonomously at least as early at 225 B.C. Mauritania became a client-state of Rome in the second century B.C. and was later annexed in A.D. 44 under Claudius and split into two Roman provinces.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Masaesyli

Definition
The Masaesyli were a Berber tribe of western Numidia and the main antagonists of the Massylii in eastern Numidia.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Marium

Definition
The city of Marium in Cyprus, ruled over the the classical period by a series of kings.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Mathura

Definition
Mathura is an ancient city in northern India who had been ruled an independent city-state by the Indo-Scythians after their invasion of the region around 60 B.C. It had previously been under the dominion of Indian kings and the Indo-Greek Kingdom.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Nabataean Kingdom

Definition
The Nabataean Kingdom (Arabic: المملكة النبطية‎, romanized: al-Mamlakah an-Nabaṭiyyah), also named Nabatea, was a political state of the Arab Nabataeans during classical antiquity. The Nabataean Kingdom controlled much of the trade routes of the region, amassing large wealth and drawing the envy of its neighbors. It stretched south along the Red Sea coast into the Hejaz, up as far north as Damascus, which it controlled for a short period (85–71 BC). Nabataea remained independent from the 4th century BC until it was annexed in AD 106 by the Roman Empire, which renamed it Arabia Petraea.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Odrysian Thrace

Definition
The Odrysian Kingdom (Ancient Greek: Βασίλειον Ὀδρυσῶν; Latin: Regnum Odrysium) was a state union of over 40 Thracian tribes and 22 kingdoms that existed between the 5th century BC and the 1st century AD. It consisted mainly of present-day Bulgaria, spreading to parts of Southeastern Romania (Northern Dobruja), parts of Northern Greece and parts of modern-day European Turkey.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Paeonia

Definition
In antiquity, Paeonia or Paionia was the land and kingdom of the Paeonians. The exact original boundaries of Paeonia, like the early history of its inhabitants, are obscure, but it is known that it was located immediately north of ancient Macedonia (which corresponded roughly to the modern Greek region of Macedonia), and to the south-east of Dardania (which was similar to modern-day Kosovo); in the east were the Thracian mountains, and in the west, the Illyrians.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Mleiha

Definition
An ancient Eastern Arabian kingdom that existed at the modern city of Mleiha, in the United Arab Emirates. Archaeological remains indicate a fortified compound was founded here by 300 B.C. Macedonian-style coinage unearthed at Ed-Dur dates back to Alexander the Great. Hundreds of coins were found both there and at Mleiha featuring a head of Heracles and a seated Zeus on the obverse, and bearing the name of Abi'el in Aramaic. These coins match moulds found at Mleiha which, together with finds of slag at the site, suggests the existence of a metallurgical centre.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Olbia

Definition
Pontic Olbia (Ancient Greek: Ὀλβία Ποντική, Ukrainian: Ольвія) or simply Olbia is an an ancient Greek city on the shore of the Southern Bug estuary (Hypanis or Ὕπανις,) in Ukraine, near village of Parutyne.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Osroene

Definition
Osroene, also spelled Osroëne and Osrhoene and sometimes known by the name of its capital city, Edessa, was a historical kingdom in Upper Mesopotamia, which was ruled by the Abgarid dynasty of Arab origin. Generally allied with the Parthians, the Kingdom of Osroene enjoyed semi-autonomy to complete independence from the years of 132 BC to AD 214.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Numidia

Definition
Numidia (202 BC – 40 BC, Berber: Inumiden) was the ancient kingdom of the Numidians located in what is now Algeria and a smaller part of Tunisia and small part of Libya in the Maghreb. The polity was originally divided between Massylii in the east and Masaesyli in the west. During the Second Punic War (218–201 BC), Masinissa, king of the Massylii, defeated Syphax of the Masaesyli to unify Numidia into one kingdom.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Satrapy of Paphlagonia

Definition
Satrapy of the Achaemenid Empire in Paphlagonia centred on Sinope.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Mylasa

Definition
Ancient city in Caria.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Parthian Empire

Definition
The Parthian Empire (247 BC – 224 AD), also known as the Arsacid Empire, was a major Iranian political and cultural power in ancient Iran. It was formed in the mid-3rd century B.C. when Arsaces I rebelled against the Seleucid Empire. The Parthians were Rome's chief rival in the east for three centuries until the empire's eventual collapse in A.D. 224 when Shapur of Persis revolted and formed a new Sasanian dynasty in the Middle East and Persia.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Pergamum

Definition
Pergamon (Ancient Greek: τὸ Πέργαμον), or Pergamum, sometimes referred to by the modern Greek form Pergamos (Modern Greek: ἡ Πέργαμος), was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Mysia.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Pherae

Definition
Pherae (Greek: Φεραί) was a city and polis (city-state)[1] in southeastern Ancient Thessaly. One of the oldest Thessalian cities, it was located in the southeast corner of Pelasgiotis. According to Strabo, it was near Lake Boebeïs 90 stadia from Pagasae, its harbor on the Gulf of Pagasae (Geography 9.5). The site is in the modern community of Velestino.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Phocis

Definition
Phocis was an ancient region in the central part of Ancient Greece, which included Delphi and some 20 other cities. The Phokians issued coins as such, not as individual poleis.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Pergamum

Definition
The foundation of the Kingdom of Pergamum was laid when Philetaerus took control of the city in 282 BC. The later Attalids were descended from his father and they expanded the city into a kingdom. Attalus I proclaimed himself King in the 230s BC, following his victories over the Galatians. The Attalids ruled Pergamon until Attalus III bequeathed the kingdom to the Roman Republic in 133 BC
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Persis

Definition
Kingdom in SW Iran ruled by semi-independent rulers, partially under the Seleucids and Parthians from the early 3rd century BC to the mid 3rd century AD.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Paphos

Definition
The archaic and classical city of Paphos (Old Paphos), ruled by a succession of kings.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Roman Empire

Definition
The empire ruled by the ancient city of Rome.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Ptolemaic Empire

Definition
The Ptolemaic Empire was a Hellenistic kingdom based in Egypt. It was ruled by the Ptolemaic dynasty, which started with Ptolemy I Soter's accession after the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and which ended with the death of Cleopatra VII and the Roman conquest in 30 BC.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Pontus

Definition
The Kingdom of Pontus or Pontic Empire was a state founded by the Persian Mithridatic dynasty, which may have been directly related to Darius the Great and the Achaemenid dynasty. The kingdom was proclaimed by Mithridates I in 281 BCE and lasted until its conquest by the Roman Republic in 63 BCE. It reached its largest extent under Mithridates VI the Great, who conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos, and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Qataban

Definition
Qataban or Katabania was an ancient Yemeni kingdom. Its heartland was located in the Baihan valley. Like some other Southern Arabian kingdoms it gained great wealth from the trade of frankincense and myrrh, incenses which were burned at altars. The capital of Qataban was named Timna and was located on the trade route which passed through the other kingdoms of Hadramaut, Sheba and Ma'in. The chief deity of the Qatabanians was 'Amm, or "Uncle" and the people called themselves the "children of Amm".
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Prusias ad Mare

Definition
The mint at the ancient site of Prusias ad Mare (Cius) in Bithynia.
Type
nmo:Mint, skos:Concept

Sapaean Thrace

Definition
Sapaeans, Sapaei or Sapaioi (Ancient Greek, "Σαπαίοι") were a Thracian tribe close to the Greek city of Abdera. One of their kings was named Abrupolis and had allied himself with the Romans. They ruled Thrace after the Odrysians until its incorporation by the Roman Empire as a province.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Ptolemaic kingdom of Cyprus

Definition
The independent kingdom of Cyprus ruled by Ptolemy, King of Cyprus in the 1st century BC
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Sardis

Definition
Sardis or Sardes was an ancient city in Lydia at the location of modern Sart.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Salamis

Definition
Salamis is an ancient Greek city-state on the east coast of Cyprus.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Seleucid Empire

Definition
The Seleucid Empire was a Hellenistic state ruled by the Seleucid dynasty, which existed from 312 BC to 63 BC; it was founded by Seleucus I Nicator following the division of the Macedonian empire vastly expanded by Alexander the Great.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Sasanian Empire

Definition
The Sasanian Empire was the last Iranian empire before the rise of Islam, ruled by the Sasanian dynasty from 224 AD to 651 AD.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Syracuse

Definition
The city of Syracuse in Sicily. Home to a number of tyrants in the 5th and 4th centuries BC.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Scythia Minor

Definition
The kingdom of Scythia Minor or Lesser Scythia (Greek: Μικρά Σκυθία, romanized: Mikra Skythia) was in ancient times the region surrounded by the Danube at the north and west and the Black Sea at the east, roughly corresponding to today's Dobruja, with a part in Romania, and a part in Bulgaria.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Sophene

Definition
The Kingdom of Sophene was an ancient Armenian kingdom. Founded around the 3rd century BC the kingdom maintained independence until around 90 BC when Tigranes the Great conquered the territories as part of his empire. An offshoot of this kingdom was the Kingdom of Commagene, formed when the Seleucids detached Commagene from Sophene.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Telmessus

Definition
Telmessos or Telmessus was the largest city in Lycia, near the Carian border. Telmessus was a member of the Delian League in the 5th century BC. It was taken by Alexander in 334 BC, and subsequently remained semi-independent as a client-state of the Ptolemaic and Seleucid kingdoms until its absorption into a Roman province.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Soli, Cyprus

Definition
Soli or Soloi (Greek: Σόλοι) is an ancient Greek city in the island of Cyprus, located southwest of Morphou (Guzelyurt), and on the coast in the gulf of Morphou and dates back to about the 6th century BC.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Termera

Definition
Termera (Ancient Greek: Τερμερα or τὰ Τέρμερα), also known as Termerum or Termeron (Τερμερον), was a maritime town of ancient Caria on the south coast of the peninsula of Halicarnassus, near Cape Termerium.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Sidon

Definition
The city-state of Sidon in Phoenicia, once part of a broader kindom, later served as a client-state to the Achaemenids, Seleucids, and was later integrated into the Roman Empire.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Yehud Medinata

Definition
Yehud Medinata (Aramaic for the State of Judah/Jews), or simply Yehud, was an autonomous state of the Persian Achaemenid Empire, roughly equivalent to the older kingdom of Judah but covering a smaller area, within the satrapy of Eber-Nari. It was later incorporated into the Hellenistic provinces of Alexander the Great and his successors.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Tylis

Definition
Tylis (Greek: Τύλις) or Tyle was a short-lived Balkan Kingdom mentioned by Polybius that was founded by Celts led by Comontorius in the 3rd century BC. Following their invasion of Thrace and Greece in 279 BC, the Gauls were defeated by the Macedonian king Antigonus II Gonatas in the Battle of Lysimachia in 277 BC, after which they turned inland to Thrace and founded their kingdom at Tylis. It was located near the eastern edge of the Haemus (Balkan) Mountains in what is now eastern Bulgaria.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Chalcis

Definition
Chalcis was a small ancient Iturean majority kingdom situated in the Beqaa Valley, named for and originally based from the city of the same name. The ancient city of Chalcis (a.k.a. Chalcis sub Libanum, Chalcis of Coele-Syria was located midway between Berytus and Damascus. It was founded by Ptolemaeus, son of Menneus, an Ituraean dynast in about 85 B.C. as Seleucid influence diminished, but it became a Roman client-state ca. 60 B.C. under Pompey. It was absorbed into the Roman province of Syria in A.D. 92.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Satrapy of Egypt

Definition
The Twenty-seventh Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XXVII, alternatively 27th Dynasty or Dynasty 27), also known as the First Egyptian Satrapy was effectively a province (satrapy) of the Achaemenid Persian Empire between 525 BC and 404 BC. It was founded by Cambyses II, the King of Persia, after his conquest of Egypt and subsequent crowning as Pharaoh of Egypt, and was disestablished upon the rebellion and crowning of Amyrtaeus as Pharaoh. A second period of Achaemenid rule in Egypt occurred under the Thirty-first Dynasty of Egypt (343-332 BC).
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Vemaka

Definition
The Vemaka were an ancient Indian tribe, located north of the larger tribe of the Kuninda in northern India. Their coinage employs the same characteristics of those of the Indo-Greek king, Apollodotus II.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Teuthrania

Definition
Teuthrania was a town in the western part of ancient Mysia, and the name of its district about the river Caicus, which was believed to be derived from a legendary Mysian king Teuthras.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Thrace

Definition
The kingdom based in Thrace, ruled by Lysimachus after the death of Alexander the Great.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Uruk

Definition
The kingdom of Uruk in Mesopotamia
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Cyrus the Great

Definition
Cyrus II of Persia (Old Persian: 𐎤𐎢𐎽𐎢𐏁 Kūrauš; Kourosh; New Persian: کوروش Kuruš; Hebrew: כורש, Modern: Kōréš, Tiberian: Kōréš; c. 600 – 530 BC), commonly known as Cyrus the Great, and also called Cyrus the Elder by the Greeks, was the founder of the Achaemenid Empire, the first Persian Empire. Under his rule, the empire embraced all the previous civilized states of the ancient Near East, expanded vastly and eventually conquered most of Western Asia and much of Central Asia.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxerxes I of Persia

Definition
Artaxerxes I (Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂 Artaxšaça,"whose rule (xšaça < *xšaϑram) is through arta ("truth"); Hebrew: אַרְתַּחְשַׁשְׂתָּא, Modern: ʾArtaḥšásta, Tiberian: ʾArtaḥšasetāʾ; Ancient Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης, romanized: Artaxérxēs) was the sixth King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, from 465-424 BC. He was the third son of Xerxes I.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxerxes III of Persia

Definition
Ochus (Greek: Ôchos, Babylonian: Ú-ma-kuš), better known by his dynastic name of Artaxerxes III (Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂 Artaxšaçā) was King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire from 358 to 338 BC. He was the son and successor of Artaxerxes II (r. 404 – 358 BC) and his mother was Stateira.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxerxes II of Persia

Definition
Artaxerxes II Mnemon (Old Persian: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂, meaning "whose reign is through truth") was the King of Kings (Xšâyathiya Xšâyathiyânâm) of Persia from 404 BC until his death in 358 BC. He was a son of Darius II and Parysatis.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxerxes IV of Persia

Definition
Arses (Old Persian: Aršaka), also known by his regnal name of Artaxerxes IV (𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂 Artaxšaçā), was the twelfth Achaemenid king of Persia from 338 BC to 336 BC. He is known as Arses in Greek sources and that seems to have been his real name, but the Xanthus trilingue and potsherds from Samaria report that he took the royal name of Artaxerxes IV, following his father and grandfather.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus

Definition
The Bosporan Kingdom, also known as the Kingdom of the Cimmerian Bosporus, was an ancient Greco-Scythian state located in eastern Crimea and the Taman Peninsula on the shores of the Cimmerian Bosporus, the present-day Strait of Kerch.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Kingdom of Paphlagonia

Definition
Paphlagonia was a kingdom of northern Asia Minor, ruler by native prices until its full absorption into the Kingdom of Pontos.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Satrapy of Parthia

Definition
The satrapy of Parthia in the Achaemenid, Alexandrine, and Seleucid Empires.
Type
foaf:Organization, skos:Concept

Darius I of Persia

Definition
Darius I (Old Persian: Dārayava(h)uš, New Persian: داریوش‎ Dāryuš; Hebrew: דָּרְיָוֶשׁ, Modern: Darəyaveš, Tiberian: Dāryāwéš; c. 550–486 BCE), commonly known as Darius the Great, was the third Persian King of Kings of the Achaemenid Empire, reigning from 522 BCE until his death in 486 BCE. He ruled the empire at its peak, when it included much of West Asia, parts of the Caucasus, parts of the Balkans (Thrace-Macedonia, and Paeonia), most of the Black Sea coastal regions, Central Asia, as far as the Indus Valley in the far east and portions of north and northeast Africa including Egypt (Mudrâya), eastern Libya, and coastal Sudan.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Xerxes I of Persia

Definition
Xerxes I (Old Persian: 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 Xšayaṛša (Khshāyarsha) "ruling over heroes", Greek Ξέρξης Xérxēs; 519–465 BC), called Xerxes the Great, was the fifth king of kings of the Achaemenid dynasty of Persia. Like his father and predecessor Darius I, he ruled the empire at its territorial apex. He ruled from 486 BC until his assassination in 465 BC at the hands of Artabanus, the commander of the royal bodyguard.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Darius III of Persia

Definition
Darius III (c. 380 – July 330 BC), originally named Artashata and called Codomannus by the Greeks, was the last king of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia, from 336 BC to 330 BC. Artashata adopted Darius as a dynastic name.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Darius II of Persia

Definition
Darius II (Old Persian: Dārayavahuš), also called Darius II Nothus or Darius II Ochus, was king of kings of the Persian Empire from 423 BC to 404 or 405 BC.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Oxyathres of Persia

Definition
Oxyathres was a brother of the Persian king Darius III Codomannus.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Xerxes II of Persia

Definition
Xerxes II (/ˈzɜːrksiːz/; Old Persian: 𐎧𐏁𐎹𐎠𐎼𐏁𐎠 Xšayaṛša (Khshāyarsha (help·info)) "ruling over heroes", Greek Ξέρξης Xérxēs [ksérksɛːs]; 519–424 BC), was a Persian king and the son and successor of Artaxerxes I. After a reign of forty-five days, he was assassinated in 424 BC by his brother Sogdianus, who in turn was murdered by Darius II.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Mazaeus

Definition
Satrap in Cilicia, Transeuphratene and Babylonia under first the Achaemenids and then Alexander the Great.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Pythagores

Definition
Pythagores was the issuer or authority behind an enigmatic series of coins beraing an image of the Great King of Persia on one side, and what appears to be a mpa of Lydia on the reverse.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Orontas

Definition
A Bactrian, son of Artasouras/Artasyras, satrap of Armenia under Artaxerxes II, and subsequently a sub-strapal ruler in western Asia Minor where he struck coinage.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Phintias of Akragas

Definition
Phintias was an ancient Greek tyrant of the Sicilian town of Acragas (c. 288 - 279 BC). He appears to have established his power over that city during the period of confusion which followed the death of Agathocles (289 BC), about the same time that Hicetas obtained the chief command at Syracuse.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Rhoikos of Amathus

Definition
Rhoecus (Rhoikos) was a king of Amathus, Cyprus in the mid 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Epipalos of Amathus

Definition
Epipalos was a king of Amathus, Cyprus in the mid 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Gerashtart, King of Aradus

Definition
Ruler of Aradus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Lysandros of Amathus

Definition
Lysandros was a king of Amathus, Cyprus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Mo- of Amathus

Definition
Mo- was a ruler (of uncertain name) of Amathus, Cyprus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Zotimos of Amathus

Definition
Zotimos was king at Amathus, Cyprus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Pyrwos of Amathus

Definition
Pyrwos was a king of Amathus, Cyprus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

N-, king of Aradus

Definition
Ruler of Aradus in the 4th century B.C.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes II of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes II, more commonly known as Tigranes the Great was King of Armenia under whom the country became, for a short time, the strongest state to Rome's east. He was a member of the Artaxiad Royal House. Under his reign, the Armenian kingdom expanded beyond its traditional boundaries, allowing Tigranes to claim the title Great King, and involving Armenia in many battles against opponents such as the Parthian and Seleucid empires, and the Roman Republic.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artavasdes II of Armenia

Definition
Artavasdes II was a King of the Kingdom of Armenia from 55 BC until 34 BC and a member of the Artaxiad Dynasty. He was a son of king Tigranes the Great of Armenia and Cleopatra of Pontus, his maternal grandfather was king Mithridates VI of Pontus.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxias I of Armenia

Definition
Artaxias I was the founder of the Artaxiad dynasty of Armenia, ruling from 190 BC to 160 BC. He was succeeded by his son Artavasdes I.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes I of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes I of Armenia reigned as King of Armenia from 115 BC to 95 BC. Artavasdes I did not leave any heir; his brother Tigranes ascended to the throne of the Artaxiads. According to Appian, Tigranes II was not the son of Artavasdes, but of Tigranes I.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxias II of Armenia

Definition
Artaxias II, also known as Artaxes II and Artashes was a Prince of the Kingdom of Armenia, member of the Artaxiad Dynasty and King of Armenia from 30 BC until 20 BC.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artavasdes I of Armenia

Definition
Artavasdes I of Armenia reigned as King of Armenia from 159 BC to 115 BC. He was the son of Artaxias I.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artaxias III of Armenia

Definition
Artaxias III, also known as Zeno-Artaxias, Artaxes or Artashes was a prince of the Bosporan, Pontus, Cilicia, Cappadocia and Roman Client King of Armenia.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artavasdes III of Armenia

Definition
Artavasdes III of Armenia was appointed king by Augustus upon the deposition of Tigranes IV.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Artavasdes IV of Armenia

Definition
Artavasdes IV of Armenia; also known as Artavasdes II of Atropatene; Artavasdes II of Media Atropatene and Armenia Major; Artavasdes II and Artavasdes (20 BC – 6 AD[4]) was an Iranian prince who served as King of Media Atropatene. During his reign of Media Atropatene, Artavasdes also served as a Roman Client King of Armenia Major.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes IV of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes IV (30s BC–1) was a Prince of the Kingdom of Armenia and member of the Artaxiad Dynasty who served as a Roman Client King of Armenia from 8 BC until 5 BC and 2 BC until 1 AD.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Amynander of Athamania

Definition
Amynander (Greek: Ἀμύνανδρος, Amynandros, in Polybios also Amynas) was king of the Athamanes in south Epirus, following his predecessor Theodorus of Athamania. He was a brother-in-law of the Illyrian king Scerdilaidas and first appears in history as a mediator between Philip V of Macedon and the Aetolians.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Lachares

Definition
Lachares was one of the most influential leaders in Athens in the late 4th and early 3rd centuries B.C., after democracy had been re-established by Demetrius Poliorcetes. He was afterwards secretly gained over by Cassander, who incited him to aim at the acquisition of the tyranny, hoping to be able through his means to rule Athens.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes III of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes III (50s BC–8 BC) was a Prince of the Kingdom of Armenia and member of the Artaxiad Dynasty who served as a Roman Client King of Armenia.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Erato of Armenia

Definition
Erato also known as Queen Erato (flourished second half of 1st century BC & first half of 1st century, died sometime after 12) was a princess of the Kingdom of Armenia and member of the Artaxiad Dynasty. She served as Roman client queen of Armenia from 10 BC until 2 BC with her brother-husband King Tigranes IV. After living in political exile for a number of years, she co-ruled as Roman client queen of Armenia from 6 until 12 with the Herodian Prince Tigranes V, her distant paternal relative. As a queen of Armenia, she may be viewed as one of the last hereditary rulers of her nation.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes VI of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes VI, also known as Tigran VI or by his Roman name Gaius Julius Tigranes (Greek: Γαίος Ιούλιος Τιγράνης, Armenian:Տիգրան Զ, before 25 – after 68) was a Herodian Prince and served as a Roman Client King of Armenia in the 1st century.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tigranes V of Armenia

Definition
Tigranes V, also known as Tigran V (Greek: Τιγράνης, Armenian: Տիգրան, 16 BC–36) was a Herodian Prince who served as a Roman Client King of Armenia from the years 6 to 12.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Tiridates II of Armenia

Definition
Tiridates II (Armenian: Տրդատ Բ, flourished second half of the 2nd century - died ca. 253) was an Armenian Parthian Prince who served as a Roman Client King of Armenia.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Antialcidas of Bactria

Definition
Antialcidas Nikephoros was an Indo-Greek king of the Indo-Greek Kingdom, who reigned from his capital at Taxila. Bopearachchi has suggested that he ruled from ca. 115 to 95 BCE in the western parts of the Indo-Greek realms, whereas R. C. Senior places him around 130 to 120 BCE and also in eastern Punjab (which seems better supported by coin findings).
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Antimachus II of Bactria

Definition
Antimachus II Nikephoros was an Indo-Greek king. He ruled a vast territory from the Hindu-Kush to the Punjab around 170 BC.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Agathocleia of Bactria

Definition
Agathocleia Theotropos was an Indo-Greek queen who ruled in parts of northern India in the 2nd-century BC as regent for her son Strato I.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept

Antimachus I Theos of Bactria

Definition
Anthimachus I Theos was one of the Greco-Bactrian kings, generally dated from around 185 BC to 170 BC.
Type
foaf:Person, skos:Concept
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